mandi-wajib

Doa Mandi Wajib, Niat Mandi Junub, dan Tata Cara Mandi Wajib

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Net Price: $9,459/yr Score: 82.13 See our methodology page for more information about how we calculated this ranking.* *For this ranking, we added an extra feature to the standard methodology. Because we wanted to focus specifically on “speed” rather than general measures of quality, we custom-designed a scale to rank schools based on this highly desirable “fast factor.” Specifically, we researched each online college and asked ourselves the following questions: Does the school offer bachelor’s degrees that one could complete in less than four years? What about associate’s degrees in less than two years? Are there many short certificate options for students who want to quickly augment their skills in an established field? Are there “accelerated” degree paths and options for students who want to earn a combined bachelor’s/master’s degree? Does the school offer credit for life/work experience and past academic coursework in order to help students move ahead on their degree path? Does the school offer multiple course formats so that students have the option to start several times a year and/or to choose between classes of varying lengths? But don’t worry – we still considered graduation rate and tuition costs as well! We hope this has been helpful in providing information about fast online degrees from accredited colleges. There are many fast online degree programs available, and we encourage you to do a broad search to find the program that’s best for you. THIS CONCLUDES OUR RANKING OF THE BEST VALUES IN FAST ONLINE DEGREES. Sources: College Navigator By CVO Staff Published March 2016 https://www.collegevaluesonline.com/rankings/fast-online-degrees-best-values/

Doa dan Niat Mandi Wajib. Adakah doa mandi junub? Atau cukup bismillah saja? Berikut penjelasan lengkap beserta pertanyaan seputar mandi junub.

Jawaban ini kami sarikan dari Konsultasisyariah.com

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Kami tidak mengetahui adanya doa apapun baik sebelum maupun sesudah mandi junub. Yang ada adalah membaca basmalah sebelum mandi. Ulama berbeda pendapat, apakah ada anjuran untuk membaca basmalah sebelum mandi junub?

Terdapat sebuah hadis dari Abu Said al-Khudri radhiallahu ‘anhu, bahwa Nabi shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam bersabda,

لاَ وُضُوءَ لِمَنْ لَمْ يَذْكُرِ اسْمَ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ

“Tidak ada wudhu bagi orang yang tidak menyebut nama Allah (membaca basmalah) sebelum wudhu.”

Status hadis:

Hadis ini diriwayatkan oleh Ahmad 11371, Ibnu Majah 429, dan yang lainnya. Dan ulama berbeda pendapat dalam menilai hadis ini. Sebagian ulama menilainya sebagai hadis hasan. Seperti al-Albani. Dan ulama lain menilainya dhaif. Karena dalam sanadnya terdapat perawi bernama Rubaih bin Abdurrahman dan Katsir bin Zaid yang statusnya dhaif jika sendirian.

(Ta’liqat Musnad Ahmad, 17/464).

Bagi ulama yang menshahihkan hadis ini, mereka berbeda pendapat, apakah hukum membaca basmalah sebelum mandi junub?

Pertama, sebagian ulama berpendapat bahwa membaca basmalah hukumnya wajib, baik ketika wudhu, mandi, maupun tayamum.

Ini adalah pendapat Imam Ahmad dalam salah satu riwayat, pendapat Abu Bakr, Hasan al-Bashri, dan Ishaq bin Rahuyah.

Kedua, basamalah hukumnya anjuran dalam semua kegiatan mensucikan diri dari hadats. Baik wudhu, mandi, maupun, tayammum.

Ini merupakan pendapat Imam Ahmad menurut riwayat yang masyhur. Al-Khallal mengatakan,

الذي استقرت الروايات عنه أنه لا بأس به يعني إذا ترك التسمية

Riwayat-riwayat yang shahih dari Imam Ahmad, bahwa tidak membaca basamalah hukumnya boleh. (al-Mughni, 1/114)

Dan ini pendapat at-Tsauri, Imam Malik, Imam as-Syafii, Abu Ubaid bin Sallam, Ibnul Mundzir, dan ulama Kufah. (al-Mughni, 1/114)

Sebagian ulama yang lain berpendapat bahwa membaca basmalah tidak wajib ketika mandi, karena mandi junub tidak sebagaimana wudhu.

Jika kita mengambil pendapat mayoritas ulama, maka di sana ada anjuran untuk membaca basmalah sebelum mandi. Dan boleh saja orang menyebutnya sebagai doa mandi junub.

Allahu a’lam

Pertanyaan-pertanyaan Seputar Mandi Junub

1. Setelah Mandi Junub, Apakah Masih Perlu Berwudhu?

Setelah kita mandi wajib, apakah masih perlu berwudhu?

Jawaban:

Seseorang yang ingin mengerjakan shalat setelah melaksanakan mandi junub secara syar’i, sebagaimana yang dituntunkan oleh Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, tidak wajib berwudhu lagi. Alasannya, apabila seseorang bersuci dari hadats besar, maka otomatis dia juga bersuci dari hadats kecil yang mengenainya.

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ قَالَتْ كَانَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ سَلَّمَ يَغْتَسِلُ وَيُصَلِّي الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ وَصَلاَةَ الْغَدَاةِ وَلاَ أَرَاهُ يُحْدِثُ وُضُوْءًا بَعْدَ الْغُسْلِ

Dari Aisyah, dia berkata, “Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam mandi, lalu shalat dua rakaat, dan saya tidak melihat beliau berwudhu lagi setelah mandi.” (Hr. Abu Daud: 259, Ahmad 6/119 dengan sanad shahih)

Hal ini berlaku bagi yang sudah berwudhu saat mandi janabat, maupun belum berwudhu saat mandinya. (Lihat: Shahih Fiqhus Sunnah, Syekh Abu Malik: 1/181)

Wallahu a’alam.

Dijawab oleh Ustadz Abu Ibrohim Muhammad Ali pada Majalah Al-Furqon, edisi 12, tahun ke-7, 1430 H/2009 M.

2. Mandi Wajib Pakai Sampo dan Sabun

Apakah boleh mandi junub tanpa pake sabun atau shampo. Misalnnya pas di perjalanan tidak bawa sabun atau shampo. Thank’s

Jawab:

Bismillah was shalatu was salamu ‘ala Rasulillah, wa ba’du,

Rukun mandi besar ada dua:

  1. Niat melakukan mandi besar, sesuai latar belakang dia melakukan mandi. Jika dia mandi besar karena junub, maka dia berniat mandi untuk menghilagkan hadats besar. Dan jika dia mandi besar untuk jumatan, maka dia berniat mandi hari jumat.
  2. Membasahi seluruh badan dengan air, dari ujung rambut kepala sampai ujung kaki.

(al-Wajiz fi Fiqh as-Sunah, hlm. 51).

Mengenai tata cara membasahi seluruh badan dengan air, ada riwayat dari Aisyah dan Maimunah yang menceritakan cara Nabi shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam mandi.

Dalam penjelasannya, Aisyah mengatakan,

ثُمَّ يَصُبُّ عَلَى رَأْسِهِ ثَلاَثَ غُرَفٍ بِيَدَيْهِ ، ثُمَّ يُفِيضُ الْمَاءَ عَلَى جِلْدِهِ كُلِّهِ

kemudian menyiramkan air ke atas kepalanya dengan cidukan kedua telapak tangannya sebanyak tiga kali, kemudian beliau mengguyurkan air ke seluruh badannya.” (HR. Bukhari no. 248 dan Muslim no. 316)

Demikian pula yang diceritakan Maimunah. Beliau mengatakan,

ثُمَّ غَسَلَ رَأْسَهُ ثَلاَثًا ، ثُمَّ أَفْرَغَ عَلَى جَسَدِهِ ، ثُمَّ تَنَحَّى مِنْ مَقَامِهِ فَغَسَلَ قَدَمَيْهِ

Kemudian beliau membasuh kepalanya tiga kali dan mengguyur seluruh badannya. Selanjutnya, beliau bergeser dari posisi semula lalu mencuci kedua kakinya (di tempat yang berbeda).” (HR. Bukhari no. 265 dan Muslim no. 317)

Dalam hadis di atas, tidak ada penjelasan mengenai alat pembersih yang digunakan Nabi shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam. Seperti daun bidara. Karena itu, bukan syarat mandi junub, harus menggunakan sabun atau shampo.

Lajnah Daimah – lembaga fatwa Saudi – pernah ditanya menyenai hukum menggunakan sabun atau alat pembersih lainnya ketika mandi besar.

Jawaban Lajnah,

يجب الغسل من الجنابة بالماء ولا يجب فيه استعمال المنظفات كالصابون ونحوه وهذا هو الذي دلت عليه سنة النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم . وإن استعمل الصابون أو نحوه ، من المنظفات فلا بأس

Yang wajib ketika mandi junub adalah menggunakan air, dan tidak wajib menggunakan alat pembersih seperti sabun atau semacamnya. Demikian seperti yang dijelaskan dalam sunah Nabi shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam. Meskipun ketika seseorang menggunakan sabun atau alat pembersih lainnya , hukumnya dibolehkan. (Fatawa Lajnah Daimah, 5/315).

Kesimpulannya:

Mandi junub boleh dilakukan tanpa sabun maupun shampo, dengan syarat semua anggota tubuh basah.

Allahu a’lam.

Dijawab oleh Ustadz Ammi Nur Baits (Dewan Pembina Konsultasisyariah.com)

3. Mandi Wajib Setelah Berhubungan Intim

  1. Saya ingin bertanya.. apakah setelah berhubungan intim.. wanita dan laki-laki diwajibkan mandi besar/wajib???
  2. Kapan wanita diwajibkan mandi besar/wajib ??

Sukron ya ustadz.. Wassalamu’alaikum wa Rahmatullah wa Barakatuh.

Jawaban:

Pertama,
Laki-laki dan wanita jika keduanya berhubungan intim (jimak) maka mereka wajib mandi besar/wajib, meskipun tidak sampai keluar mani. Dalilnya adalah sabda Rosululloh, “Apabila seorang laki-laki duduk di antara 4 anggota badan lalu meyetubuhinya, maka ia wajib mandi.” (HR. Bukhori) dalam lafaz Muslim: “Meskipun tidak keluar mani”.

Kedua,
Wanita diwajibkan mandi besar/wajib apabila:

a. Keluar mani baik dalam keadaan sadar ataupun ketika sedang tidur.

Dalilnya adalah Dari Ummu salamah istri Rosululloh, dia berkata, “Ummu Sulaim datang kepada Nabi kemudian berkata, ‘wahai Rosululloh, sesungguhnya Alloh tidaklah malu atas kebenaran, Apakah wajib bagi seorang wanita untuk mandi jika ia bermimpi?’ maka Rosululloh menjawab, ‘Ya, jika dia melihat air.’” (HR. Bukhori Muslim)

Dalam hadits di atas dijelaskan bahwa apabila seorang wanita mimpi kemudian ketika bangun dari tidurnya dia melihat adanya bekas air (air di sini maksudnya adalah air mani) maka wajib atasnya mandi.

b. Setelah selesai masa haid atau nifas wanita diwajibkan mandi besar.

Dalilnya firman Alloh,

وَيَسْأَلُونَكَ عَنِ الْمَحِيضِ قُلْ هُوَ أَذًى فَاعْتَزِلُواْ النِّسَاء فِي الْمَحِيضِ وَلاَ تَقْرَبُوهُنَّ حَتَّىَ يَطْهُرْنَ فَإِذَا تَطَهَّرْنَ فَأْتُوهُنَّ مِنْ حَيْثُ أَمَرَكُمُ اللّهُ إِنَّ اللّهَ يُحِبُّ التَّوَّابِينَ وَيُحِبُّ الْمُتَطَهِّرِينَ

“Mereka bertanya kepadamu tentang haid. Katakanlah: Haid itu adalah suatu kotoran. Oleh sebab itu hendaklah kamu menjauhkan diri dari wanita di waktu haid; dan janganlah kamu mendekati mereka, sebelum mereka suci. Apabila mereka telah suci, maka campurilah mereka itu di tempat yang diperintahkan Alloh kepadamu. Sesungguhnya Alloh menyukai orang-orang yang bertaubat dan menyukai orang-orang yang menyucikan diri.” (QS. Al Baqoroh: 222)

Dan juga sabda Rosululloh dari ‘Aisyah bahwa Rosululloh berkata kepada Fatimah binti Abi hubais, “Jika kau mendapati haid maka tinggalkanlah sholat, apabila telah selesai maka mandi dan sholatlah.” (HR. Bukhori Muslim). Mandi di sini maksudnya adalah mandi wajib. Sedangkan untuk nifas maka telah terjadi ijma’ bahwa nifas itu sama hukumnya seperti haid (Al Wajiz hal. 51).

c. Jimak

Dalilnya sebagaimana yang telah disebutkan pada nomor 1.

Maroji:

  1. Al Wajiz fi Fiqhis Sunnah wal Kitabil ‘Aziz karangan Syaikh Abdul ‘Azhim Al-Badawi.
  2. Taisirul ‘alam Syarh Umdatul Ahkam karangan Syaikh Abdulloh bin Abdurrohman bin Sholih Ali Bassam.
  3. Majmu Fatawa Syaikh Utsaimin.

***

Penanya: Alif
Dijawab Oleh: Abu Uzair Boris Tanesia (Staf Pengajar LBIA)
Murojaah: Ustadz Abu Sa’ad

Sumber: muslim.or.id

4. Lupa Mandi Janabah

Assalamu’alaikum

Saya sedang hamil, usia kehamilan saya 8 minggu. kadang2 mengalami mual. ketika sehabis melakukan hubungan intim saya lupa mandi janabah, hanya mandi biasa. kejadiannya pagi, setelah mandi saya melakukan sholat dzuha, kemudian sholat dzuhur dan ashar. ketika hendak sholat maghrib saya baru teringat akan rambut saya yang masih kering dan belum di sisir. dari situ saya merasa kalo tadi pagi saya lupa mandi janabah. begitu ingat langsung mandi dan melaksanakan sholat maghrib karna sudah masuk waktu maghrib. bagaimana dengan sholat yang sebelumnya saya lakukan? apa saya harus mengulang atau bagaimana?

Mohon petunjuknya… jazakallahu khoiron katsiron

Wassalamu’alaikum

Jawaban:

Wa alaikumus salam

Bismillah was shalatu was salamu ‘ala rasulillah, amma ba’du,

Diantara syarat sah shalat adalah suci dari hadats besar maupun kecil.

Dari Ibnu Umar radhiyallahu ‘anhuma, Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam bersabda,

لَا تُقْبَلُ صَلَاةٌ بِغَيْرِ طُهُورٍ

”Shalat tidak akan diterima yang dikerjakan tanpa bersuci.” (HR. Muslim 224, Nasai 139, Abu Daud 59, dan yang lainnya).

Kemudian, ulama sepakat, orang yang shalat dalam keadaan berhadas, shalatnya tidak sah, baik dia sadar maupun tidak sadar.

An-Nawawi  menegaskan,

أجمع المسلمون على تحريم الصلاة على المحدت وأجمعوا على أنها لا تصح منه سواء إن كان عالما بحدثه أو جاهلا أو ناسيا لكنه إن صلى جاهلا أو ناسيا فلا إثم عليه وإن كان عالما بالحدث وتحريم الصلاة مع الحدث فقد ارتكب معصية عظيمة

Kaum muslimin sepakat haramnya shalat bagi orang yang berhadats. Mereka juga sepakat shalat yang dikerjakan orang yang hadats tidak sah, baik dia sadar dirinya hadats atau dia tidak sadar, atau dia lupa. Hanya saja, jika dia shalat karena tidak tahu dirinya berhadats atau karena lupa, dia tidak berdosa. Dan jika dia tahu sedang berhadats dan tahu haramnya shalat dalam keadaan hadats, berarti dia telah melakukan dosa besar. (al-Majmu’ Syarh Muhadzab, 2/67).

Hal yang sama juga ditegaskan oleh al-Mardawi – ulama hambali – (w. 885 H),

لو انتبه بالغ أو من يحتمل بلوغه. فوجد بللا، جهل أنه مني: وجب الغسل مطلقا على الصحيح من المذهب

Ketika ada orang baligh terbangun dan dia menjumpai ada yang basah, sementara dia tidak tahu bahwa itu mani, maka dia wajib mandi secara mutlak menurut pendapat yang kuat dalam madzhab hambali. (al-Inshaf, 1/228)

Shalat yang Telah Dikerjakan, Wajib Diulangi

Mengingat shalat yang dikerjakan ketika junub statusnya batal, maka dia wajib mengulangi setelah mandi.

Al-Mardawi menegaskan,

وحيث وجب عليه الغسل فيلزمه إعادة ما صلى قبل ذلك

“Karena dia wajib mandi, maka dia harus mengulangi semua shalat yang telah dia kerjakan.” (al-Inshaf, 1/228)

Mengenai Teknis qadha shalatnya, telah dijelaskan Lajnah Daimah, ketika menjawab pertanyaan yang diajukan, bahwa ada orang yang mengalami hadats kemudian dia lupa. Dalam kondisi lupa junub tersebut, dia telah melaksanakan shalat 5 waktu. Dia baru ingat, ketika menjelang zuhur di hari berikutnya. Apa yang harus dilakukan orang ini?

Jawaban Lajnah Daimah,

إذا كان الواقع كما ذكر فصلاته الصلوات الخمس وهو جنب باطلة لكنه لا إثم عليه؛ لأنه معذور بسهوه، وعليه أن يغتسل من الجنابة حين تذكر، ويعجل بقضائها مرتبة ‏.

Jika realitanya seperti yang anda tanyakan, maka semua shalat 5 waktu yang telah dia kerjakan dalam keadaan junub statusnya batal. Hanya saja dia tidak berdosa. Karena dia memiliki udzur, yaitu lupa. Dia wajib segera mandi besar ketika ingat, dan segera mengqadha semua shalat yang telah dia kerjakan secara berurutan.

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