Macam-Macam Teori Evolusi

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Simply by filling out an application, you’ll get two free weeks of enrollment, including lectures and discussions with your potential instructors and classmates. This free trial period could be just what you need to decide to complete an affordable, fast online degree at NPC. Net Price: $13,709/yr Score: 69.33 American Public University System Online Fast Degrees Students who are eager to earn an affordable fast online degree can enroll at APU as early as next month. 4. AMERICAN PUBLIC UNIVERSITY SYSTEM Website APUS has been serving non-traditional students since 1991, well before online education became mainstream. Originally founded as American Military University to cater to mobile military learners, it reorganized into APUS in 2002 in order to serve a wider range of learners – and today 42% of its students are civilians. Even so, American Public University continues to enroll more members of the armed forces than any other school. Although it offers nearly 200 degrees and certificates, the school’s most popular programs include business administration, criminal justice, general studies, sports and health sciences, psychology, and homeland security. With courses starting on the first Monday of every month and lasting either 8 or 16 weeks, there’s no need to wait for a new semester to begin, earning APUS a top spot in our fast online degree rankings. Net Price: $9,572/yr Score: 70.60 American InterContinental University Fast Online Degrees Accredited, fast online degrees are in abundance at AIU, which offers programs in everything from business to web design. 3. AMERICAN INTERCONTINENTAL UNIVERSITY-ONLINE Website In addition to the career-focused fields found at other online schools – business, criminal justice, IT, education, and healthcare – AIU also has several degrees in design fields, making it a great choice for students who want to blend vocational skills and artistic vision. You can earn a Bachelor of Fine Arts in graphic design, web design, illustration, or even fashion. For students who live in the greater Atlanta or Houston areas and want face-to-face learning and physical classrooms, there are campuses waiting to welcome you. A generous credit-transfer program allows you to save time and money, making this a truly affordable fast online degree. AIU also has a special admissions department just for the military and offers a 45% tuition discount to active service members, as well as a 10% discount for Reserves, National Guard, and their spouses. Net Price: $15,495/yr Score: 71.82 Sessions-College-for-Professional-Design(1) 2. SESSIONS COLLEGE FOR PROFESSIONAL DESIGN Website Speaking of artistic degrees for vocational trades, Sessions is a great choice for students who want an accredited fast online degree in the arts, such as graphic design, web design, digital photography, and much more. 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AMERICAN BROADCASTING SCHOOL Website Granting an inexpensive, fast online degree in radio broadcasting, this school offers a fast track to careers in news, sports, talk, or music radio, as well as other creative voice opportunities. The entire program takes just over eight months to complete (71% of students graduate), uses exclusively one-on-one instruction, and allows you to work at your own pace. You’ll get all the software and equipment you need (as long as you provide your own computer) and personalized vocal coaching. Starting in your very first week, you’ll have the opportunity to record your own radio shows and receive live critiques from professional instructors. Because success in broadcasting requires more than just talent, you’ll also learn digital production, marketing, and other tools of the broadcasting trade. Looking to enroll quickly? You can begin on any Monday of the year! Net Price: $9,459/yr Score: 82.13 See our methodology page for more information about how we calculated this ranking.* *For this ranking, we added an extra feature to the standard methodology. Because we wanted to focus specifically on “speed” rather than general measures of quality, we custom-designed a scale to rank schools based on this highly desirable “fast factor.” Specifically, we researched each online college and asked ourselves the following questions: Does the school offer bachelor’s degrees that one could complete in less than four years? What about associate’s degrees in less than two years? Are there many short certificate options for students who want to quickly augment their skills in an established field? Are there “accelerated” degree paths and options for students who want to earn a combined bachelor’s/master’s degree? Does the school offer credit for life/work experience and past academic coursework in order to help students move ahead on their degree path? Does the school offer multiple course formats so that students have the option to start several times a year and/or to choose between classes of varying lengths? But don’t worry – we still considered graduation rate and tuition costs as well! We hope this has been helpful in providing information about fast online degrees from accredited colleges. There are many fast online degree programs available, and we encourage you to do a broad search to find the program that’s best for you. THIS CONCLUDES OUR RANKING OF THE BEST VALUES IN FAST ONLINE DEGREES. Sources: College Navigator By CVO Staff Published March 2016

Macam-Macam Teori Evolusi Selamat datang di Lahiya, situs (blog) sederhana yang berbagi ilmu dan pengetahuan dengan penuh keikhlasan. Dan, pada kesempatan kali ini, kami bakal sharing pengetahuan mengenai Macam-Macam Teori Evolusi. Sebelumnya mungkin sobat akan tertarik untuk membaca artikel pengantarnya dahulu, yaitu Pengertian dan Mekanisme Evolusi untuk membuat sobat lebih paham. Baiklah sekarang kita akan masuk ke penjelasannya.

Teori-Teori Evolusi

Teori evolusi menjelaskan tentang perkembangan kehidupan makhluk hidup dari tingkat sederhana ke tingkatan yang lebih kompleks yang dikemukakan oleh beberapa ilmuwan dengan konsep serta ide yang tidak sama. Teori evolusi ini masih selalu jadi tema hangat yang dibicarakan serta selalu mengalami perubahan dari waktu ke waktu. Berikut ini beberapa teori evolusi yang dikemukakan oleh para ahli.

Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma is a rare type of mesothelioma which attacks the lining of abdomen also known as peritoneum. Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (MPM) is a universally fatal disease affecting 20% to 30% of the mesothelioma cases. It's was first described by Miller and Wynn in the year 1908. According to the statistics, in the past two decades, the incidence of malignant peritoneal mesothelioma cancer has increased. Peritoneal mesothelioma affects the lining of the abdomen also known as peritoneum. The location of malignant cell is human's abdominal lining and because of that, MPM can sometimes known as abdominal mesothelioma. However, most common term used to describe this type of cancer is peritoneal mesothelioma. The main cause of MPM in humans is asbestos. Asbestos typically is the one of most commonly roofing materials since it is not only cheaper but is easy to fix on a roof. Asbestos exposure contributed to almost 70 to 80 percent of mesothelioma lung cancer. Humans come into contact with asbestos when they swallow or inhale the fibers. Asbestos inhalation may increase risk to develop asbestos related diseases, most importantly mesothelioma. Asbestos was completely banned in UK since it was recognized to be a serious health hazard, and it is now responsible for about 4000 deaths each year and many cases of serious disease. The people at increase risk of developing health asbestos related disease are those whose work brings them into direct contact with asbestos such as builders, heating engineers, roofers and demolition workers. In addition to mesothelioma, asbestos exposure will increase the risk of other health problems such as lung cancer, asbestosis (chronic lung ailment) and other type of cancer such as larynx and kidney cancer. Symptoms of Malignant Peritoneal Mesothelioma It can takes such a long time for cancer to develop the symptoms and sometimes may take up to 30 years, between exposure to asbestos and the start of the disease. Most common symptoms of the disease are abdominal pain, abdominal swelling, abnormal weight loss, anemia, easy fatigue, nausea and vomiting. Abdominal pain and swelling result from fluid accumulation in the abdominal cavity. Other than that, people can easily get fever when the disease starts to shows its symptoms. Among the symptoms stated above, abdominal pain is the most common reported initial symptoms of MPM. Unexplained night sweats and blood coagulation problems are less frequent symptoms occurring when the cancer develops. If the cancer cells spread to the other part of the body, the symptoms may lead to trouble swallowing or swelling of the neck and face. Diagnosis of Abdominal Mesothelioma It is very difficult to diagnose peritoneal mesothelioma since there is no defined system so far that can differentiate the stages of the development of cancerous tumor cells. If required, TNM staging system normally used to detect the cancer in stages. Other than that, Serum mesothelin-related protein (SMRP) may be a potentially useful serum marker used to diagnose and to follow-up the cancer progression. Computer tomography (CT) findings may be a useful tool in detection and characterization of peritoneal mass. Malignant Peritoneal Mesothelioma is a deadly neoplasm. MPM's diagnosis is difficult to perform since the symptoms will take a long time to show up. Early detection is the key in peritoneal mesothelioma treatment since the cancer cell normally spread very fast. Peritoneal Mesothelioma can be regarded as a very dangerous cancer among other cancer.However we can prevent this problems from occur to you and your family. As i said before, early detection is the key of peritoneal mesothelioma treatment [] success since the cancer cell spread very fast. Get your free update's information about mesothelioma especially mesothelioma treatment by click > mesothelioma [] Article Source: Article Source:

Teori evolusi Aristoteles (384-322 SM)

Aritoteles adalah seorang filosof pencetus teori evolusi serta datang dari Yunani. Teori evolusi yang dikemukakannya di kenal dengan teori abiogenesis. Teori itu menyebutkan kalau makhluk hidup yang pertama kalinya di bumi adalah benda mati atau tidak hidup yang terjadi secara spontan, contoh ikan serta katak yang berasal dari lumpur, cacing yang berasal dari tanah, serta belatung yang berasal dari daging yang membusuk.

Prinsipnya teori Aristoteles menjelaskan mengenai perkembangan makhluk hidup serta habitatnya dari tahap sederhana menuju tahapan yang kompleks.

Teori evolusi Empedoclas (495-435 SM)

Seorang filosof yunani yang menyebutkan kalau evolusi adalah kehidupan yang berasal dari lumpur hitam yang memperoleh cahaya dari matahri serta berubah jadi makhluk hidup. Evolusi terjadi dengan dimulainya makhluk hidup yang sederhana lantas berkembang menjadi sempurna dan pada akhirnya jadi berbagai macam.

Teori evolusi Anaximander (500 SM)

Sama halnya dengan Aristoteles, Anaximander juga seorang filosof asal Yunani. Didalam teorinya ia menyebutkan kalau manusia berasal dari makhluk akuatik serupa ikan serta mengalami proses evolusi.

Teori evolusi Count de Buffon (1707-1788)

Buffon menyampaikan sebenarnya evolusi adalah sebagian variasi yang terjadi lantaran dampak alam sekitar diwariskan hingga terjadi penumpukan variasi.

Teori evolusi Erasmus Darwin (1731-1802)

Erasmus Darwin adalah tokoh berkebangsaan Inggris yang menentang teori evolusi Lamarck dalam bukunya yang berjudul Zoonamia. Dalam teorinya, ia menyampaikan kalau evolusi terjadi lantaran bagian fungsional terhadap stimulasi adalah diwariskan.

Teori evolusi George Cuvier (1769-1832)

Cuvier tidak menyumbangkan gagasannya tentang teori evolusi secara langsung. Cuma saja, Cuvier mensupport teori Catatropism yang menyebutkan kalau makhluk hidup tiap strata tidak ada hubungan kekerabatan, lantaran tiap strata terbentuk akibat bencana alam seperti banjir, gempa bumi, ataupun kemarau panjang. Bila strata lenyap oleh bencana, bakal muncul strata baru dengan makhluk hidup baru yang berpindah dari daerah lain.

Dari fosil hasil temuannya, Cuvier memiliki pendapat kalau makhluk hidup di lapisan bumi teratas bakal amat berbeda dengan makhluk hidup di lapisan bumi terbawah.

Teori evolusi Sir Charles Lyell (1797-1875)

Lyell adalah ilmuwan dari Skotlandia yang menyampaikan gagasannya mengenai evolusi dalam bukunya Principles of Geology. Ia menyebutkan kalau permukaan bumi terbentuk melalui proses bertahap dalam periode waktu yang lama.

Teori evolusi Jean Baptise de Lamarck (1744-1892)

Teori evolusi Lamarck menerangkan sebenarnya makhluk hidup adalah tingkat-tingkat perkembangan kehidupan, sedangkan manusia ada dipuncak perkembangan itu. Dalam pengertian, tidak bakal ada lagi makhluk hidup yang akan muncul dan ada di tingkatan lebih tinggi pada masa-masa mendatang.

Dalam bukunya berjudul Philosopic, Lamarck menyampaikan gagasannya tentang evolusi yang terdiri atas 3 poin, yakni:

  • Lingkungan mempunyai dampak pada ciri serta karakter yang diwariskan lewat proses penyesuaian lingkungan.
  • Ciri serta karakter yang terbentuk bakal diwariskan ke keturunannya.
  • Organ yang kerap dipakai bakal tumbuh besar, serta ogan yang tidak sering dipakai bakal mengalami penyusutan/pendek. Contoh yang di beri lamarck yaitu jerapah. Menurut dia, awalnya leher jerapah pendek. Tetapi, lantaran makanan jerapah terdiri dari daun-daun yang letaknya tinggi memaksa jerapah berupaya mencapainya. Hingga lama kelamaan, sebagai sebuah proses adaptas leher jerapah bakal mengalami pemanjangan.

Teori Lamarck ditentang oleh Erasmus. Erasmus berasumsi kalau leher jerapah ada yang pendek dan ada pula yang panjang.

Teori evolusi Charles Robert Darwin (1809-1882)

Sebagai bapak evolusi, pastinya nama Charles Darwin udah tidak asing lagi. Sebelum gagasannya tentang teori evolusi dipublikasi, Darwin terlebih dulu sudah melakukan pelayaran ke kepulauan Galapagos serta mengobservasi beragam jenis burung Finch yang mempunyai beragam jenis bentuk paruh. Nyatanya, ketidaksamaan morfologi itu memperlihatkan adanya hubungan kekerabatan dengan burung-burung yang ada di Amerika Serikat.

Dalam membuat gagasannya terkait teori evolusi, Darwin mengaitkan hasil penelitiannya dengan pendapat Thomas Robert Malthus serta teori evolusi Alfred Russel Wallace yang sudah dijelaskan pada poin sebelumnya. Thomas Robert Malthus menuliskan dalam bukunya yang berjudul “An Essay of the Principle of Population” bahwasanya jumlah kenaikan penduduk lebih cepat dari pada kenaikan produksi pangan. Sehingga makhluk hidup mesti selalu berjuang agar bisa terus bertahan, sedangkan karakter yang tidak mensupport akan hilang. Hal semacam ini, berarti makhluk hidup yang dapat beradaptasi akan dapat bertahan hidup dan lulus seleksi alam.


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