pengertian-e-commerce

Pengertian E Commerce dalam Dunia Bisnis

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The Teacher’s College in particular has many subject–specific licensure programs, helping students prepare efficiently for their careers. Because tuition is charged according to the length of time you are enrolled, not the number of courses you take, you are rewarded financially for progressing quickly – a dream scenario for fast-paced students! You can also get personalized Degree Plans that take into account your prior skills and knowledge, performance on pre-enrollment assessments, and remaining requirements, so you only take exactly the courses you need. And because WGU requires “On Time Progress,” you’ll have plenty of support to make sure you don’t languish in your academic efforts. Plus, students who have completed either an associate’s degree or coursework at a community college can transfer credits, expediting their progress and making WGU a standout in this ranking of fast online degrees. Net Price: $8,624/yr Score: 62.82 National Paralegal College Fast Online Degree NPC’s legal studies program is a no brainer for students who want a fast online degree studying law and government. 5. NATIONAL PARALEGAL COLLEGE Website Through this school’s accelerated online degree programs, you can earn your bachelor’s in legal studies in under 3 years or an associate’s degree in just 15 months. Lots of interesting classes run simultaneously, some of which you’d expect in a legal curriculum (American Government; Torts and Personal Injury; Constitutional Law and Criminal Procedure) but others will broaden your education, including The Science of Nutrition, Environmental Science, and Laws of Cyberspace. Depending on your schedule, you can join live online lectures or watch recordings whenever you have time. Unsure if this school is right for you? Simply by filling out an application, you’ll get two free weeks of enrollment, including lectures and discussions with your potential instructors and classmates. This free trial period could be just what you need to decide to complete an affordable, fast online degree at NPC. Net Price: $13,709/yr Score: 69.33 American Public University System Online Fast Degrees Students who are eager to earn an affordable fast online degree can enroll at APU as early as next month. 4. AMERICAN PUBLIC UNIVERSITY SYSTEM Website APUS has been serving non-traditional students since 1991, well before online education became mainstream. Originally founded as American Military University to cater to mobile military learners, it reorganized into APUS in 2002 in order to serve a wider range of learners – and today 42% of its students are civilians. Even so, American Public University continues to enroll more members of the armed forces than any other school. Although it offers nearly 200 degrees and certificates, the school’s most popular programs include business administration, criminal justice, general studies, sports and health sciences, psychology, and homeland security. With courses starting on the first Monday of every month and lasting either 8 or 16 weeks, there’s no need to wait for a new semester to begin, earning APUS a top spot in our fast online degree rankings. Net Price: $9,572/yr Score: 70.60 American InterContinental University Fast Online Degrees Accredited, fast online degrees are in abundance at AIU, which offers programs in everything from business to web design. 3. AMERICAN INTERCONTINENTAL UNIVERSITY-ONLINE Website In addition to the career-focused fields found at other online schools – business, criminal justice, IT, education, and healthcare – AIU also has several degrees in design fields, making it a great choice for students who want to blend vocational skills and artistic vision. You can earn a Bachelor of Fine Arts in graphic design, web design, illustration, or even fashion. For students who live in the greater Atlanta or Houston areas and want face-to-face learning and physical classrooms, there are campuses waiting to welcome you. A generous credit-transfer program allows you to save time and money, making this a truly affordable fast online degree. AIU also has a special admissions department just for the military and offers a 45% tuition discount to active service members, as well as a 10% discount for Reserves, National Guard, and their spouses. Net Price: $15,495/yr Score: 71.82 Sessions-College-for-Professional-Design(1) 2. SESSIONS COLLEGE FOR PROFESSIONAL DESIGN Website Speaking of artistic degrees for vocational trades, Sessions is a great choice for students who want an accredited fast online degree in the arts, such as graphic design, web design, digital photography, and much more. Experienced designers can also take quick professional development courses in Photoshop and other specific skills without pursuing an entire degree. This makes Sessions a standout among the many online colleges that offer more traditional programs in professional fields like business, teaching, or information technology. While Sessions offers numerous certificates and associates degrees, students can also earn credits that transfer to bachelor’s degrees at Excelsior College. All courses have three different start dates a year – January, May and September – giving you plenty of flexibility when planning your schedule. Net Price: $12,352/yr Score: 74.74 American Broadcasting School Fast Online Degrees The American Broadcasting School is #1 on this fast online degree ranking and undoubtedly the best option for aspiring journalists. 1. AMERICAN BROADCASTING SCHOOL Website Granting an inexpensive, fast online degree in radio broadcasting, this school offers a fast track to careers in news, sports, talk, or music radio, as well as other creative voice opportunities. The entire program takes just over eight months to complete (71% of students graduate), uses exclusively one-on-one instruction, and allows you to work at your own pace. You’ll get all the software and equipment you need (as long as you provide your own computer) and personalized vocal coaching. Starting in your very first week, you’ll have the opportunity to record your own radio shows and receive live critiques from professional instructors. Because success in broadcasting requires more than just talent, you’ll also learn digital production, marketing, and other tools of the broadcasting trade. Looking to enroll quickly? You can begin on any Monday of the year! Net Price: $9,459/yr Score: 82.13 See our methodology page for more information about how we calculated this ranking.* *For this ranking, we added an extra feature to the standard methodology. Because we wanted to focus specifically on “speed” rather than general measures of quality, we custom-designed a scale to rank schools based on this highly desirable “fast factor.” Specifically, we researched each online college and asked ourselves the following questions: Does the school offer bachelor’s degrees that one could complete in less than four years? What about associate’s degrees in less than two years? Are there many short certificate options for students who want to quickly augment their skills in an established field? Are there “accelerated” degree paths and options for students who want to earn a combined bachelor’s/master’s degree? Does the school offer credit for life/work experience and past academic coursework in order to help students move ahead on their degree path? Does the school offer multiple course formats so that students have the option to start several times a year and/or to choose between classes of varying lengths? But don’t worry – we still considered graduation rate and tuition costs as well! We hope this has been helpful in providing information about fast online degrees from accredited colleges. There are many fast online degree programs available, and we encourage you to do a broad search to find the program that’s best for you. THIS CONCLUDES OUR RANKING OF THE BEST VALUES IN FAST ONLINE DEGREES. Sources: College Navigator By CVO Staff Published March 2016 https://www.collegevaluesonline.com/rankings/fast-online-degrees-best-values/

E commerce adalah di mana dalam satu situs menyediakan atau bisa melakukan Transaksi dengan cara on-line atau dapat juga merupakan satu langkah belanja atau berdagang dengan cara on-line atau direct selling yang memakai sarana Internet di mana ada situs yang bisa sediakan service “get and deliver“. E-commerce akan mengubah seluruh aktivitas marketing serta sekaligus memotong beberapa biaya operasional untuk aktivitas trading (perdagangan).

Mengenai pendapat tentang pengertian E-Commerce bahwa E-commerce merujuk pada internet untuk berbelanja on-line serta jangkauan lebih sempit, dimana e-commerce yaitu subperangkat dari E-Bisnis. Langkah pembayarannya lewat transfer uang dengan cara digital seperti lewat akun paypal atau kartu kredit.

Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma is a rare type of mesothelioma which attacks the lining of abdomen also known as peritoneum. Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (MPM) is a universally fatal disease affecting 20% to 30% of the mesothelioma cases. It's was first described by Miller and Wynn in the year 1908. According to the statistics, in the past two decades, the incidence of malignant peritoneal mesothelioma cancer has increased. Peritoneal mesothelioma affects the lining of the abdomen also known as peritoneum. The location of malignant cell is human's abdominal lining and because of that, MPM can sometimes known as abdominal mesothelioma. However, most common term used to describe this type of cancer is peritoneal mesothelioma. The main cause of MPM in humans is asbestos. Asbestos typically is the one of most commonly roofing materials since it is not only cheaper but is easy to fix on a roof. Asbestos exposure contributed to almost 70 to 80 percent of mesothelioma lung cancer. Humans come into contact with asbestos when they swallow or inhale the fibers. Asbestos inhalation may increase risk to develop asbestos related diseases, most importantly mesothelioma. Asbestos was completely banned in UK since it was recognized to be a serious health hazard, and it is now responsible for about 4000 deaths each year and many cases of serious disease. The people at increase risk of developing health asbestos related disease are those whose work brings them into direct contact with asbestos such as builders, heating engineers, roofers and demolition workers. In addition to mesothelioma, asbestos exposure will increase the risk of other health problems such as lung cancer, asbestosis (chronic lung ailment) and other type of cancer such as larynx and kidney cancer. Symptoms of Malignant Peritoneal Mesothelioma It can takes such a long time for cancer to develop the symptoms and sometimes may take up to 30 years, between exposure to asbestos and the start of the disease. Most common symptoms of the disease are abdominal pain, abdominal swelling, abnormal weight loss, anemia, easy fatigue, nausea and vomiting. Abdominal pain and swelling result from fluid accumulation in the abdominal cavity. Other than that, people can easily get fever when the disease starts to shows its symptoms. Among the symptoms stated above, abdominal pain is the most common reported initial symptoms of MPM. Unexplained night sweats and blood coagulation problems are less frequent symptoms occurring when the cancer develops. If the cancer cells spread to the other part of the body, the symptoms may lead to trouble swallowing or swelling of the neck and face. Diagnosis of Abdominal Mesothelioma It is very difficult to diagnose peritoneal mesothelioma since there is no defined system so far that can differentiate the stages of the development of cancerous tumor cells. If required, TNM staging system normally used to detect the cancer in stages. Other than that, Serum mesothelin-related protein (SMRP) may be a potentially useful serum marker used to diagnose and to follow-up the cancer progression. Computer tomography (CT) findings may be a useful tool in detection and characterization of peritoneal mass. Malignant Peritoneal Mesothelioma is a deadly neoplasm. MPM's diagnosis is difficult to perform since the symptoms will take a long time to show up. Early detection is the key in peritoneal mesothelioma treatment since the cancer cell normally spread very fast. Peritoneal Mesothelioma can be regarded as a very dangerous cancer among other cancer.However we can prevent this problems from occur to you and your family. As i said before, early detection is the key of peritoneal mesothelioma treatment [http://peritonealmesotheliomatreatment.com/] success since the cancer cell spread very fast. Get your free update's information about mesothelioma especially mesothelioma treatment by click > mesothelioma [http://mesotheliomatreatmentnews.com/] Article Source: https://EzineArticles.com/expert/Lan_Sipenyair/912820 Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/6234654

Sedangkan, E-Bisnis merujuk pada internet namun jangkauan lebih luas. Ruang bisnisnya berlangsung saat perusahaan atau individu berkomunikasi dengan klien atau nasabah lewat e-mail namun pemasaran atau penjualan di lakukan dengan internet.

Dengan begitu dapat memberi keuntungan berbentuk keamanan fleksibililtas serta efisiensi. langkah pembayarannya yakni dengan melaui pembayaran digital dengan cara E-Gold dan telah di akui di semua dunia dalam lakukan transaksi on-line.

Menurut Laudon & Laudon (1998), E-Commerce yaitu satu sistem beli dan jual beberapa produk dengan cara elektronik oleh customer serta dari perusahaan ke perusahaan dengan computer sebagai penghubung transaksi usaha.

E-Commerce atau yang biasa disebut juga dengan istilah Ecom atau Emmerce atau EC adalah pertukaran usaha yang teratur dengan memakai transmisi Electronic Data Interchange (EDI), e-mail, electronic bulletin boards, mesin faksimili, serta Electronic Funds Transfer yang sehubungan dengan transaksi-transaksi berbelanja di Internet shopping. Stok on-line serta surat obligasi, download serta penjualan software, dokumen, grafik, musik, serta lain-lainnya, dan transaksi Business to Business (B2B). (Wahana Computer Semarang 2002).

Definisi E Commerce

pengertian e commerce

E-Commerce menurut David Baum (1999, pp. 36-34) yakni :

E-Commerce is a dynamic set of technologies, applications, and bussines process that link enterprises, consumers, and communities through electronics transactions and the electronic exchange of goods, services, and informations.

Ditranslate oleh Onno. W. Purbo :

E-Commerce adalah satu set dinamis teknologi, aplikasi, serta sistem usaha yang menghubungkan perusahaan, customer, serta komunitas tertentu lewat transaksi elektronik dan perdagangan barang, pelavanan, serta informasi yang dilakukan dengan cara elektronik.

Menurut Kalakota dan Whinston (1997) bisa dilihat dalam 3 perspektif tersebut :

1. Dari perspektif komunikasi, E-Commerce yaitu pengiriman barang, service, info, atau pembayaran lewat jaringan computer atau lewat peralatan elektronik yang lain.

2. Dari perspektif proses bisnis, E-Commerce yaitu aplikasi dari teknologi yang
menuju otomatisasi dari transaksi usaha dan aliran kerja.

3. Dari perspektif layanan, E-Commerce adalah satu alat yang memenuhi keinginan perusahaan, customer, serta manajemen untuk memotong biaya service (service cost) saat tingkatkan kualitas barang serta tingkatkan kecepatan service pengiriman.

4. Dari perspektif on-line, E-Commerce menyediakan kekuatan untuk beli dan jual barang maupun informasi lewat internet serta fasilitas on-line yang lain.

Laura Mannisto (International Telecommunication Union, Asia and the Future of the World Economic Sistem, 18 March 1999, London), mengatakan :

Ketersediaan informasi yang semakin banyak serta mudah dibuka tersedianya informasi produksi serta harga bisa dibuka oleh konsumen, penjual, produsen serta distributor.
Globalisasi Produksi, distribusi serta service customer : jarak serta saat relatif lebih pendek, hingga perusahaan bisa terkait dengan rekanan usaha di lain negara serta melayani customer lebih cepat.

Produsen bisa pilih tempat untuk menghasilkan serta melayani customer tak bergantung di mana customer itu ada. Perusahaan yang ada di negara berpenghasilan rendah bisa terhubung info serta bikin kontak usaha tanpa ada mesti keluarkan cost tinggi.

Kurangi cost transaksi karenanya ada sistem order, pembayaran serta logistik dengan cara on-line serta automatis.

Semua pengertian yang diterangkan diatas pada intinya mempunyai persamaan yang meliputi komponen transaksi (konsumen, penjual, barang, layanan serta info), subyek serta object yang ikut serta, dan media yang dipakai (dalam soal ini yaitu internet).

Biasanya pengunjung Situs bisa melihat barang atau produk yang di jual dengan cara on-line (24 jam satu hari) dan bisa melakukan correspondence dengan pihak penjual atau yang memiliki situs yang dilakukan melalui e-mail.

Dalam prakteknya, belanja di situs membutuhkan koneksi ke internet dan browser yang mensupport transaksi elektronik yang aman, seperti Microsoft Internet Explorer serta Netscape Navigator. Microsoft dan Netscape, bekerja sama dengan perusahaan kartu kredit (Visa dan MasterCard), serta perusahaan-perusahaan internet security (seperti VeriSign), telah membuat standard enkripsi khusus yang membuat transaksi lewat situs jadi begitu aman.

Bahkan juga, Visa dan MasterCard menyediakan jaminan keamanan 100% pada pemakai kredit cardnya yang memakai e-com.

Sejarah dan Perkembangan E-Commerce

E-commerce pertama kalinya dikenalkan pada tahun 1994 saat banner-elektronik pertama kali digunakan untuk maksud promosi dan periklanan di suatu halaman-web (situs). Menurut Penelitian Forrester, perdagangan elektronik menghasilkan penjualan seharga AS$12, 2 miliar tahun 2003.

Menurut laporan lain pada bulan Oktober 2006 yang lalu, pendapatan ritel online yang berbentuk non-travel di Amerika Serikat diramalkan akan meraih seperempat trilyun dolar US pada tahun 2011.

Pengertian perdagangan elektronik sudah berkembang sejalan dengan waktu. Awalnya, perdagangan elektronik berarti pemakaian transaksi komersial, seperti pemakaian EDI untuk mengirim dokumen komersial seperti pesanan pembelian atau invoice dengan cara elektronik.

Lalu dia berkembang jadi suatu kegiatan yang memiliki arti yang lebih tepat “perdagangan web” — pembelian barang dan jasa melalui World Wide Web lewat server aman (HTTPS), protokol server khusus yang memakai enkripsi untuk merahasiakan data utama pelanggan.

Awal mulanya saat situs mulai populer di masyarakat pada 1994, banyak jurnalis memprediksi kalau e-commerce akan menjadi suatu bidang ekonomi baru. Tetapi, sekitar empat tahun kemudian protokol aman seperti HTTPS baru memasuki tahap matang dan banyak dipakai. Antara 1998 dan 2000 banyak usaha di AS serta Eropa meningkatkan situs web perdagangan ini.

Proses Dalam E-Commerce yaitu seperti berikut :

1. Presentasi electronis (Pembuatan Situs) untuk produk dan layanan.
2. Melakukan pemesanan secara langsung dan terdapatnya tagihan.
3. Akun pelanggan, baik nomor rekening ataupun nomor kartu kredit, secara otomatis aman.
4. Pembayaran yang dilakukan secara langsung (online) dan penanganan transaksi.

Mengenai keuntungan yang didapat dengan memakai transaksi lewat E-Commerce untuk suatu perusahaan yaitu seperti berikut :

1. Dapat meningkatkan pendapatan dengan menggunakan online channel yang biayanya lebih murah.
2. Mengurangi beberapa biaya yang terkait dengan kertas, seperti biaya pos surat, pencetakan, report, dsb.
3. Dengan memakai transfer elektronik atau pembayaran tepat waktu dapat mengurangi keterlambatan pembayaran dan bisa segera dicek.
4. Pelayanan ke pelanggan lebih cepat dan responsif.

Contoh E-Commerce

Ada banyak yang bisa kita kerjakan lewat E-Commerce yakni :
1. Pembelian buku lewat online.
2. Pembelian elektronik lewat online.
3. Pembelian kendaraan lewat online.
4. Pembelian pakaian lewat online, dan lain-lain.

Jenis-jenis E-Commerce

Aktivitas E-Commerce meliputi beberapa hal, untuk membedakannya E-Commerce dibedakan menjadi 2 berdasar pada karakteristiknya :

1. Business to Business, karakteristiknya :
• Trading partners yang telah saling mengetahui dan antara mereka telah terjalin hubungan yang berjalan cukup lama.
• Pertukaran data dikerjakan dengan cara berulang-ulang dan berkala dengan format data yang sudah disetujui bersama.
• Salah satu pelaku tidak mesti menanti rekan mereka yang lain untuk kirim data.
• Jenis yang umum dipakai yaitu peer to peer, dimana processing intelligence bisa didistribusikan di kedua pebisnis.

2. Business to Consumer, karakteristiknya :
• Terbuka untuk umum, dimana informasi disebarkan secra umum juga.
• Servis yang dipakai juga berbentuk umum, hingga bisa dipakai oleh orang banyak.
• Servis yang dipakai berdasarkan keinginan.
• Sering dilakukan sistem pendekatan client-server. (Onno W. Purbo & Aang Arif. W ; Mengenal E-Commerce, hal 4-5)

Beberapa Jenis E-Commerce di Indonesia

Iklan Baris, adalah salah satu bentuk e-commerce yang termasuk simpel, dapat dianggap sebagai evolusi dari iklan baris yang umumnya dijumpai di koran-koran ke dalam dunia online.

Penjual yang memakai media sosial atau forum untuk beriklan, umumnya tak dapat langsung menuntaskan transaksi pada situs yang berkaitan. Tetapi penjual dan konsumen harus berkomunikasi secara langsung untuk bertransaksi. Contoh iklan baris : Tokobagus, Berniaga, dan FJB-Kaskus.

Retail, adalah tipe e-commerce yang di mana semua sistem jual-beli dikerjakan lewat sistem yang telah digunakan oleh website retail yang berkaitan. Oleh karenanya, aktivitas jual-beli di retail relatif aman, tetapi umumnya pilihan produk yang ada tidaklah terlalu banyak, atau hanya fokus ke satu-dua kelompok produk. Contoh retail : Berrybenzka, Zalora, dan Lazada.

Marketplace, bisa juga dikatakan sebagai penyedia jasa mall online, tetapi yang berjualan bukanlah penyedia situs, tetapi anggota-anggota yang mendaftar untuk berjualan di situs marketplace yang berkaitan. Marketplace biasanya menyediakan susunan keamanan tambahan untuk tiap-tiap transaksi yang berlangsung, seperti sistem pembayaran escrow atau lebih dikenal dengan sebutan rekening bersama.

Jadi setiap berlangsung transaksi didalam sistem marketplace tersebut, yang menerima pembayaran serta menjaganya sampai produk telah diantar oleh penjual dan diterima oleh konsumen adalah pihak marketplace sebagai pihak ketiga . Sesudah proses pengiriman usai, barulah uang pembayaran diteruskan ke pihak penjual.

Tujuan dan Manfaat Memakai E-Commerce dalam Dunia Bisnis

 

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