Pengertian, Fungsi, dan Bagian – Bagian Otak Manusia

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The Teacher’s College in particular has many subject–specific licensure programs, helping students prepare efficiently for their careers. Because tuition is charged according to the length of time you are enrolled, not the number of courses you take, you are rewarded financially for progressing quickly – a dream scenario for fast-paced students! You can also get personalized Degree Plans that take into account your prior skills and knowledge, performance on pre-enrollment assessments, and remaining requirements, so you only take exactly the courses you need. And because WGU requires “On Time Progress,” you’ll have plenty of support to make sure you don’t languish in your academic efforts. Plus, students who have completed either an associate’s degree or coursework at a community college can transfer credits, expediting their progress and making WGU a standout in this ranking of fast online degrees. Net Price: $8,624/yr Score: 62.82 National Paralegal College Fast Online Degree NPC’s legal studies program is a no brainer for students who want a fast online degree studying law and government. 5. NATIONAL PARALEGAL COLLEGE Website Through this school’s accelerated online degree programs, you can earn your bachelor’s in legal studies in under 3 years or an associate’s degree in just 15 months. Lots of interesting classes run simultaneously, some of which you’d expect in a legal curriculum (American Government; Torts and Personal Injury; Constitutional Law and Criminal Procedure) but others will broaden your education, including The Science of Nutrition, Environmental Science, and Laws of Cyberspace. Depending on your schedule, you can join live online lectures or watch recordings whenever you have time. Unsure if this school is right for you? Simply by filling out an application, you’ll get two free weeks of enrollment, including lectures and discussions with your potential instructors and classmates. This free trial period could be just what you need to decide to complete an affordable, fast online degree at NPC. Net Price: $13,709/yr Score: 69.33 American Public University System Online Fast Degrees Students who are eager to earn an affordable fast online degree can enroll at APU as early as next month. 4. AMERICAN PUBLIC UNIVERSITY SYSTEM Website APUS has been serving non-traditional students since 1991, well before online education became mainstream. Originally founded as American Military University to cater to mobile military learners, it reorganized into APUS in 2002 in order to serve a wider range of learners – and today 42% of its students are civilians. Even so, American Public University continues to enroll more members of the armed forces than any other school. Although it offers nearly 200 degrees and certificates, the school’s most popular programs include business administration, criminal justice, general studies, sports and health sciences, psychology, and homeland security. With courses starting on the first Monday of every month and lasting either 8 or 16 weeks, there’s no need to wait for a new semester to begin, earning APUS a top spot in our fast online degree rankings. Net Price: $9,572/yr Score: 70.60 American InterContinental University Fast Online Degrees Accredited, fast online degrees are in abundance at AIU, which offers programs in everything from business to web design. 3. AMERICAN INTERCONTINENTAL UNIVERSITY-ONLINE Website In addition to the career-focused fields found at other online schools – business, criminal justice, IT, education, and healthcare – AIU also has several degrees in design fields, making it a great choice for students who want to blend vocational skills and artistic vision. You can earn a Bachelor of Fine Arts in graphic design, web design, illustration, or even fashion. For students who live in the greater Atlanta or Houston areas and want face-to-face learning and physical classrooms, there are campuses waiting to welcome you. A generous credit-transfer program allows you to save time and money, making this a truly affordable fast online degree. AIU also has a special admissions department just for the military and offers a 45% tuition discount to active service members, as well as a 10% discount for Reserves, National Guard, and their spouses. Net Price: $15,495/yr Score: 71.82 Sessions-College-for-Professional-Design(1) 2. SESSIONS COLLEGE FOR PROFESSIONAL DESIGN Website Speaking of artistic degrees for vocational trades, Sessions is a great choice for students who want an accredited fast online degree in the arts, such as graphic design, web design, digital photography, and much more. Experienced designers can also take quick professional development courses in Photoshop and other specific skills without pursuing an entire degree. This makes Sessions a standout among the many online colleges that offer more traditional programs in professional fields like business, teaching, or information technology. While Sessions offers numerous certificates and associates degrees, students can also earn credits that transfer to bachelor’s degrees at Excelsior College. All courses have three different start dates a year – January, May and September – giving you plenty of flexibility when planning your schedule. Net Price: $12,352/yr Score: 74.74 American Broadcasting School Fast Online Degrees The American Broadcasting School is #1 on this fast online degree ranking and undoubtedly the best option for aspiring journalists. 1. AMERICAN BROADCASTING SCHOOL Website Granting an inexpensive, fast online degree in radio broadcasting, this school offers a fast track to careers in news, sports, talk, or music radio, as well as other creative voice opportunities. The entire program takes just over eight months to complete (71% of students graduate), uses exclusively one-on-one instruction, and allows you to work at your own pace. You’ll get all the software and equipment you need (as long as you provide your own computer) and personalized vocal coaching. Starting in your very first week, you’ll have the opportunity to record your own radio shows and receive live critiques from professional instructors. Because success in broadcasting requires more than just talent, you’ll also learn digital production, marketing, and other tools of the broadcasting trade. Looking to enroll quickly? You can begin on any Monday of the year! Net Price: $9,459/yr Score: 82.13 See our methodology page for more information about how we calculated this ranking.* *For this ranking, we added an extra feature to the standard methodology. Because we wanted to focus specifically on “speed” rather than general measures of quality, we custom-designed a scale to rank schools based on this highly desirable “fast factor.” Specifically, we researched each online college and asked ourselves the following questions: Does the school offer bachelor’s degrees that one could complete in less than four years? What about associate’s degrees in less than two years? Are there many short certificate options for students who want to quickly augment their skills in an established field? Are there “accelerated” degree paths and options for students who want to earn a combined bachelor’s/master’s degree? Does the school offer credit for life/work experience and past academic coursework in order to help students move ahead on their degree path? Does the school offer multiple course formats so that students have the option to start several times a year and/or to choose between classes of varying lengths? But don’t worry – we still considered graduation rate and tuition costs as well! We hope this has been helpful in providing information about fast online degrees from accredited colleges. There are many fast online degree programs available, and we encourage you to do a broad search to find the program that’s best for you. THIS CONCLUDES OUR RANKING OF THE BEST VALUES IN FAST ONLINE DEGREES. Sources: College Navigator By CVO Staff Published March 2016

Pengertian, Fungsi, dan Bagian – Bagian Otak Manusia Selamat datang di Lahiya, situs (blog) sederhana yang berbagi ilmu dan pengetahuan dengan penuh keikhlasan, di Kesempatan ini kami bakal sharing pengetahuan mengenai OTAK, beberapa tema pembahasannya yaitu Pengertian Otak, Sisi – Sisi Otak, Susunan Otak serta Manfaat Otak. Langsung saja ya, mudah-mudahan ilmunya bisa bermanfaat.

Pengertian Otak

Otak yaitu sebuah organ terpenting pada tubuh manusia yang disebut pusat dari sistem saraf. Volume otak berkisar 1. 350 cc serta memiliki 100 juta sel saraf atau neuron untuk mendukung fungsinya. Otak terdapat didalam kepala, serta memiliki beberapa manfaat, yakni:

Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma is a rare type of mesothelioma which attacks the lining of abdomen also known as peritoneum. Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (MPM) is a universally fatal disease affecting 20% to 30% of the mesothelioma cases. It's was first described by Miller and Wynn in the year 1908. According to the statistics, in the past two decades, the incidence of malignant peritoneal mesothelioma cancer has increased. Peritoneal mesothelioma affects the lining of the abdomen also known as peritoneum. The location of malignant cell is human's abdominal lining and because of that, MPM can sometimes known as abdominal mesothelioma. However, most common term used to describe this type of cancer is peritoneal mesothelioma. The main cause of MPM in humans is asbestos. Asbestos typically is the one of most commonly roofing materials since it is not only cheaper but is easy to fix on a roof. Asbestos exposure contributed to almost 70 to 80 percent of mesothelioma lung cancer. Humans come into contact with asbestos when they swallow or inhale the fibers. Asbestos inhalation may increase risk to develop asbestos related diseases, most importantly mesothelioma. Asbestos was completely banned in UK since it was recognized to be a serious health hazard, and it is now responsible for about 4000 deaths each year and many cases of serious disease. The people at increase risk of developing health asbestos related disease are those whose work brings them into direct contact with asbestos such as builders, heating engineers, roofers and demolition workers. In addition to mesothelioma, asbestos exposure will increase the risk of other health problems such as lung cancer, asbestosis (chronic lung ailment) and other type of cancer such as larynx and kidney cancer. Symptoms of Malignant Peritoneal Mesothelioma It can takes such a long time for cancer to develop the symptoms and sometimes may take up to 30 years, between exposure to asbestos and the start of the disease. Most common symptoms of the disease are abdominal pain, abdominal swelling, abnormal weight loss, anemia, easy fatigue, nausea and vomiting. Abdominal pain and swelling result from fluid accumulation in the abdominal cavity. Other than that, people can easily get fever when the disease starts to shows its symptoms. Among the symptoms stated above, abdominal pain is the most common reported initial symptoms of MPM. Unexplained night sweats and blood coagulation problems are less frequent symptoms occurring when the cancer develops. If the cancer cells spread to the other part of the body, the symptoms may lead to trouble swallowing or swelling of the neck and face. Diagnosis of Abdominal Mesothelioma It is very difficult to diagnose peritoneal mesothelioma since there is no defined system so far that can differentiate the stages of the development of cancerous tumor cells. If required, TNM staging system normally used to detect the cancer in stages. Other than that, Serum mesothelin-related protein (SMRP) may be a potentially useful serum marker used to diagnose and to follow-up the cancer progression. Computer tomography (CT) findings may be a useful tool in detection and characterization of peritoneal mass. Malignant Peritoneal Mesothelioma is a deadly neoplasm. MPM's diagnosis is difficult to perform since the symptoms will take a long time to show up. Early detection is the key in peritoneal mesothelioma treatment since the cancer cell normally spread very fast. Peritoneal Mesothelioma can be regarded as a very dangerous cancer among other cancer.However we can prevent this problems from occur to you and your family. As i said before, early detection is the key of peritoneal mesothelioma treatment [] success since the cancer cell spread very fast. Get your free update's information about mesothelioma especially mesothelioma treatment by click > mesothelioma [] Article Source: Article Source:
  • Sebagai pusat regulasi beberapa tindakan yang dialami
  • Sebagai pusat pengatur organ-organ tubuh (umpamanya mengatur kerja jantung, hati, dan sebagainya)

Otak adalah pengendali tubuh. Bila seorang mempunyai otak yang sehat, akan mendorong kesehatan tubuh. Tetapi demikian sebaliknya, bila otak seseorang dalam keadaan yang tidak sehat, itu adalah pemicu dari segala masalah pada tubuh.

Bagian-bagian Otak

Secara keseluruhan, otak manusia dibagi jadi empat sisi, yakni:

Otak Besar (Cerebrum)

Sesuai dengan namanya, otak besar adalah sisi yang paling besar pada otak. Otak besar adalah sisi yang membedakan pada otak manusia dengan otak binatang. Dengan otak besar, manusia bisa berpikir, mengendalikan fikiran, bicara, mengingat, dan bahkan juga bicara. Kecerdasan seseorang juga ikut diukur berdasarkan kekuatan otak besar.

Otak besar dibagi lagi jadi beberapa bagian yang menyusunnya, yakni:

  • Lobus Frontal, yakni sisi otak besar yang menempati sisi paling depan dari sturktur otak besar. Lobus temporal mempunyai hubungan dengan tingkah laku manusia, seperti kekuatan bergerak, kognitif, perencanaan, penyelesaian permasalahan, kreatifitas, pusat control perasaan, sex, serta kekuatan berbahasa.   
  • Lobus Parietal, adalah sisi otak besar yang ada di dalam. Lobus Parietal berhubungan dengan proses sensorik tubuh berupa tekanan, sentuhan, rabaan, dan sebagainya.
  • Lobus Occipital, adalah sisi otak besar yang ada paling belakang. Sisi otak besar ini mempunyai hubungan dengan pandangan (visual) manusia, hingga tubuh dapat membedakan segala hal yang diliat oleh mata.
  • Lobus temporal, adalah sisi otak besar yang ada dibagian samping kiri serta kanan otak. Lobus temporal berhubungan dengan suara (verbal) manusia, hingga dengan adanya lobus temporal ini, manusia bisa bicara dan membedakan berbagai bahasa yang dipakai.

Otak Kecil (Cerebellum)

Otak kecil adalah sisi otak yang ada dibawah lobus occipital otak besar, tepatnya dibagian belakang kepala, serta berhubungan dengan leher sisi atas. Otak kecil mempunyai hubungan dengan fungsi gerakan manusia, seperti mengontrol gerakan manusia, mengontrol gerak koordinasi antar otot, mengatur keseimbangan tubuh, serta mengatur sikap dan posisi tubuh. Tanpa adanya otak kecil, bisa dibayangkan betapa sengsaranya hidup manusia. Gerakan menjadi tidak terkoordinasi dengan baik, hingga menyebabkan seseorang tidak bisa memakai otot-ototnya untuk beraktivitas.

Batang Otak (Brainsteam)

Batang otak adalah sisi otak yang tidak kalah penting dengan otak besar serta otak kecil. Batang otak ada di leher sisi atas serta memanjang hingga sampai ke sumsum tulang belakang manusia. Batang otak mengatur manfaat dasar manusia, seperti mengatur proses pernafasan, proses denyut jantung, proses kerja ginjal, serta hal-hal lain yang vital untuk manusia. Oleh karenanya, didalam medis di kenal dengan mati batang otak, yakni sebuah kondisi cederanya batang otak yang menyebabkan orang itu mati biologis.

Batang otak terdiri lagi menjadi beberapa bagian, yakni:

  • Otak Tengah (Mesencephalon), adalah sisi batang otak yang menjadi penghubung antara otak besar dan otak kecil. Otak tengah berhubungan dengan proses pandangan pada manusia.
  • Medulla Oblongata, adalah titik awal dimulainya saraf yang akan menuju ke tulang belakang hingga seterusnya akan dilanjutkan ke semua bagian tubuh. Medulla oblongata berhubungan dengan pengontrolan fungsi automatis organ-organ pada manusia.
  • Pons, adalah sisi batang otak yang terdapat dibawah medulla oblongata serta mengatur dan meneruskan semua informasi ke bagian otak yang lain.

System Limbik

Sistem limbik adalah sisi otak yang terdapat di tengah-tengah otak. Komponen sistem limbik yakni hipotalamus, thalamus, amigdala, korteks limbic, serta hippocampus.

Sistem limbik adalah sisi otak yang berhubungan dengan alam sadar manusia. Pusat emosi, pusat data, pusat haus, pusat lapar, pusat dorongan sex, serta masih banyak lagi. Bahkan juga LeDoux mengistilahkan sistem limbic sebagai tempat duduk untuk segala nafsu manusia, tempat penghargaan, kejujuran, serta tempat bermuaranya cinta dan benci.

Struktur Otak

Otak manusia terbentuk lewat dua sel, yakni glia serta neuron. Glia adalah sel yang melindungi neuron, atau dapat disebut juga sel pelapis neuron. Sedangkan neuron adalah sel saraf yang membawa semua informasi yang diperlukan tubuh ke otak. Neorun membawa informasi itu dalam bentuk potensial aksi.


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