Pengertian, Fungsi, dan Macam-macam Nilai Sosial

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Simply by filling out an application, you’ll get two free weeks of enrollment, including lectures and discussions with your potential instructors and classmates. This free trial period could be just what you need to decide to complete an affordable, fast online degree at NPC. Net Price: $13,709/yr Score: 69.33 American Public University System Online Fast Degrees Students who are eager to earn an affordable fast online degree can enroll at APU as early as next month. 4. AMERICAN PUBLIC UNIVERSITY SYSTEM Website APUS has been serving non-traditional students since 1991, well before online education became mainstream. Originally founded as American Military University to cater to mobile military learners, it reorganized into APUS in 2002 in order to serve a wider range of learners – and today 42% of its students are civilians. Even so, American Public University continues to enroll more members of the armed forces than any other school. 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Experienced designers can also take quick professional development courses in Photoshop and other specific skills without pursuing an entire degree. This makes Sessions a standout among the many online colleges that offer more traditional programs in professional fields like business, teaching, or information technology. While Sessions offers numerous certificates and associates degrees, students can also earn credits that transfer to bachelor’s degrees at Excelsior College. All courses have three different start dates a year – January, May and September – giving you plenty of flexibility when planning your schedule. Net Price: $12,352/yr Score: 74.74 American Broadcasting School Fast Online Degrees The American Broadcasting School is #1 on this fast online degree ranking and undoubtedly the best option for aspiring journalists. 1. AMERICAN BROADCASTING SCHOOL Website Granting an inexpensive, fast online degree in radio broadcasting, this school offers a fast track to careers in news, sports, talk, or music radio, as well as other creative voice opportunities. The entire program takes just over eight months to complete (71% of students graduate), uses exclusively one-on-one instruction, and allows you to work at your own pace. You’ll get all the software and equipment you need (as long as you provide your own computer) and personalized vocal coaching. Starting in your very first week, you’ll have the opportunity to record your own radio shows and receive live critiques from professional instructors. Because success in broadcasting requires more than just talent, you’ll also learn digital production, marketing, and other tools of the broadcasting trade. Looking to enroll quickly? You can begin on any Monday of the year! Net Price: $9,459/yr Score: 82.13 See our methodology page for more information about how we calculated this ranking.* *For this ranking, we added an extra feature to the standard methodology. Because we wanted to focus specifically on “speed” rather than general measures of quality, we custom-designed a scale to rank schools based on this highly desirable “fast factor.” Specifically, we researched each online college and asked ourselves the following questions: Does the school offer bachelor’s degrees that one could complete in less than four years? What about associate’s degrees in less than two years? Are there many short certificate options for students who want to quickly augment their skills in an established field? Are there “accelerated” degree paths and options for students who want to earn a combined bachelor’s/master’s degree? Does the school offer credit for life/work experience and past academic coursework in order to help students move ahead on their degree path? Does the school offer multiple course formats so that students have the option to start several times a year and/or to choose between classes of varying lengths? But don’t worry – we still considered graduation rate and tuition costs as well! We hope this has been helpful in providing information about fast online degrees from accredited colleges. There are many fast online degree programs available, and we encourage you to do a broad search to find the program that’s best for you. THIS CONCLUDES OUR RANKING OF THE BEST VALUES IN FAST ONLINE DEGREES. Sources: College Navigator By CVO Staff Published March 2016

Pengertian, Fungsi, dan Macam-macam Nilai Sosial Selamat datang di Lahiya, situs (blog) sederhana yang berbagi ilmu dan pengetahuan dengan penuh keikhlasan. Dan, pada kesempatan kali ini, kami bakal sharing pengetahuan mengenai Nilai Sosial. Beberapa poin utama yang akan menjadi pembahasan kali ini adalah Pengertian Nilai, Pengertian Nilai Sosial, Ciri-ciri Nilai Sosial, Fungsi Nilai Sosial, Macam-macam Nilai Sosial, dan Peran Nilai sosial. Silahkan disimak pembahasannya.

  1. Pengertian Nilai

Dari sisi bahasa, nilai bisa disimpulkan sebagai kandungan, mutu, atau sifat yang penting serta bermanfaat untuk kehidupan kemanusiaan. Sedangkan beberapa pakar sosiologi menyebutkan beberapa pengertian nilai yakni:

Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma is a rare type of mesothelioma which attacks the lining of abdomen also known as peritoneum. Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (MPM) is a universally fatal disease affecting 20% to 30% of the mesothelioma cases. It's was first described by Miller and Wynn in the year 1908. According to the statistics, in the past two decades, the incidence of malignant peritoneal mesothelioma cancer has increased. Peritoneal mesothelioma affects the lining of the abdomen also known as peritoneum. The location of malignant cell is human's abdominal lining and because of that, MPM can sometimes known as abdominal mesothelioma. However, most common term used to describe this type of cancer is peritoneal mesothelioma. The main cause of MPM in humans is asbestos. Asbestos typically is the one of most commonly roofing materials since it is not only cheaper but is easy to fix on a roof. Asbestos exposure contributed to almost 70 to 80 percent of mesothelioma lung cancer. Humans come into contact with asbestos when they swallow or inhale the fibers. Asbestos inhalation may increase risk to develop asbestos related diseases, most importantly mesothelioma. Asbestos was completely banned in UK since it was recognized to be a serious health hazard, and it is now responsible for about 4000 deaths each year and many cases of serious disease. The people at increase risk of developing health asbestos related disease are those whose work brings them into direct contact with asbestos such as builders, heating engineers, roofers and demolition workers. In addition to mesothelioma, asbestos exposure will increase the risk of other health problems such as lung cancer, asbestosis (chronic lung ailment) and other type of cancer such as larynx and kidney cancer. Symptoms of Malignant Peritoneal Mesothelioma It can takes such a long time for cancer to develop the symptoms and sometimes may take up to 30 years, between exposure to asbestos and the start of the disease. Most common symptoms of the disease are abdominal pain, abdominal swelling, abnormal weight loss, anemia, easy fatigue, nausea and vomiting. Abdominal pain and swelling result from fluid accumulation in the abdominal cavity. Other than that, people can easily get fever when the disease starts to shows its symptoms. Among the symptoms stated above, abdominal pain is the most common reported initial symptoms of MPM. Unexplained night sweats and blood coagulation problems are less frequent symptoms occurring when the cancer develops. If the cancer cells spread to the other part of the body, the symptoms may lead to trouble swallowing or swelling of the neck and face. Diagnosis of Abdominal Mesothelioma It is very difficult to diagnose peritoneal mesothelioma since there is no defined system so far that can differentiate the stages of the development of cancerous tumor cells. If required, TNM staging system normally used to detect the cancer in stages. Other than that, Serum mesothelin-related protein (SMRP) may be a potentially useful serum marker used to diagnose and to follow-up the cancer progression. Computer tomography (CT) findings may be a useful tool in detection and characterization of peritoneal mass. Malignant Peritoneal Mesothelioma is a deadly neoplasm. MPM's diagnosis is difficult to perform since the symptoms will take a long time to show up. Early detection is the key in peritoneal mesothelioma treatment since the cancer cell normally spread very fast. Peritoneal Mesothelioma can be regarded as a very dangerous cancer among other cancer.However we can prevent this problems from occur to you and your family. As i said before, early detection is the key of peritoneal mesothelioma treatment [] success since the cancer cell spread very fast. Get your free update's information about mesothelioma especially mesothelioma treatment by click > mesothelioma [] Article Source: Article Source:
  • Anthony Giddens, nilai yaitu beberapa ide yang dipunyai seseorang atau kelompok mengenai apa yang diinginkan, apa yang layak, serta apa yang baik serta buruk.
  • Horton and Hunt, nilai yaitu beberapa ide yang memaparkan mengenai apakah sebuah tindakan itu penting atau tidak penting.
  • Richard T Schaefer serta Robert P. lamm, nilai yaitu ide kolektif (bersama-sama) yang menyangkut mengenai apa yang dianggap baik, penting, diinginkan serta dianggap layak.

Kesimpulannya, Nilai yaitu sebuah ide konsep yang merujuk pada suatu hal yang dianggap baik serta berharga dalam kehidupan.

Pengertian Nilai Sosial

Tidak jauh dari pengertian nilai, beberapa sosiolog juga memberikan pendapat mengenai nilai sosial, yakni:

  • Young, ia merumuskan kalau nilai sosial ini yaitu beberapa anggapan yang abstrak serta kerap kali tidak disadari mengenai apa yang benar serta apa yang sesungguhnya penting.
  • Green, ia merumuskan kalau nilai sosial yaitu kesadaran yang secara relatif berlangsung serta disertai dengan emosi pada objek, inspirasi, serta orang – perorangan.
  • Woods merumuskan kalau nilai sosial yaitu petunjuk – petunjuk umum yang sudah berjalan lama yang mengarahkan tingkah laku serta kepuasan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari.

Kesimpulannya, Nilai sosial yaitu sesuatu pandangan yang dianggap baik serta benar oleh sebuah lingkungan masyarakat yang lantas jadi pedoman sebagai sebuah contoh tingkah laku yang baik serta diharapkan oleh warga masyarakat.  

Nilai sosial yang diyakini dalam sebuah masyarakat bakal berbeda dengan masyarakat yang lain, tetapi ada juga nilai yang dianut oleh masyarakat secara umum. Biasanya nilai yang dianut secara umum ini berkaitan dengan kebaikan, norma, serta nilai keagamaan.

Ciri – Ciri Nilai Sosial

Nilai sosial mempunya beragam ciri yakni sebagai berikut ini:

  • Nilai sosial adalah sebuah konstruksi masyarakat yang terwujud lewat hubungan di antara beberapa anggota masyarakat.
  • Nilai sosial bukanlah merupakan bawaan lahir, artinya nilai ini menebar lantaran disebarkan di antara anggota masyarakat.
  • Nilai sosial menuntun masyarakat dalam mengambil keputusan untuk pemenuhan – pemenuhan keperluan sosial.
  • Nilai sosial bisa bantu masyarakat supaya berperan dengan baik
  • Nilai sosial terbentuk lewat proses sosialisasi (proses belajar dari pengalaman)
  • Nilai secara konseptual adalah abstraksi dari unsur-unsur nilai serta beberapa macam objek yang ada di dalam masyarakat
  • Nilai sosial bisa memengaruhi pengembangan diri sosial dalam masyarakat, baik positif ataupun negatif.
  • Nilai sosial mempunyai dampak yang tidak sama pada masing-masing anggota masyarakat.
  • Nilai sosial cenderung terkait satu dengan yang lain secara komunikasi untuk membentuk beragam pola serta system yang beragam antara kebudayaan yang satu dengan kebudayaan yang lain.

Fungsi Nilai Sosial

Nilai sosial mempunyai fungsi spesifik dalam masyarakat, secara umum beragam fungsi itu yakni:

  • Menyumbangkan seperangkat alat yang bisa dipakai untuk mengambil keputusan harga/derajat sosial dari orang-perorangan atau kelompok dalam kehidupan masyarakat.
  • Berperan sebagai media pengawas, dengan daua tekan serta daya ikat nilai bisa membimbing bahkan juga menghimpit manusia untuk berbuat baik dalam kehidupan bermasyarakat.
  • Sebagai alat solidaritas di antara anggota-anggota kelompok dalam masyarakat.
  • Membentuk pola fikir serta pola tingkah laku di antara anggota-anggota masyarakat.
  • Penentu paling akhir untuk manusia orang-perorangan atau kelompok dalam memenuhi peran-peran sosialnya dalam kehidupan bermasyarakat.

Macam – Macam Nilai Sosial

Secara umum, nilai sosial itu dapa dibagi jadi dua, yakni:

Nilai Sosial Dominan

Nilai sosial menguasai yaitu nilai yang dianggap amat penting dibandingkan oleh nilai sosial yang lain. Beberapa tanda-tanda sebuah nilai sosial dapat dikatakan nilai sosial dominan yaitu:

  • Nilai itu udah ada dan cukup lama diyakini
  • Adanya kebanggaan dalam warga masyarakat jika melakukan nilai tersebut
  • Nilai itu dianut oleh nyaris seluruh warga masyarakat
  • Adanya prinsip yang kuat dalam kehidupan bermasyarakat untuk dapat melakukan nilai itu.

Nilai Sosial yang Mendarah Daging

Arti dari nilai sosial yang mendarah daging yaitu nilai sosial yang sudah jadi sebuah kepribadian untuk masyarakat, dapat dikatakan sebagai sebuah rutinitas yang senantiasa berlangsung dalam bermasyarakat.

Prof. Notonegoro memiliki pendapat kalau nilai sosial dalam masyarakat bisa dibagi jadi tiga jenis, yakni:

Nilai Material

Nilai materil yaitu nilai yang muncul dari materi atau benda yang berkaitan. Umpamanya makanan yang mempunyai nilai untuk manusia sebagai memenuhi keinginan pemenuhan energi.

Nilai Vital

Nilai Vital yaitu sebuah nilai yang ada karena manfaatnya. Contohnya, Pisau yang mempunyai nilai lantaran kegunaanya untuk memotong suatu hal, bila satu pisau udah tumpul, nilainya bakal turun lantaran ia jadi tidak bermanfaat.

Nilai Spiritual

Nilai spiritual yaitu nilai yang ada di dalam kejiwaan manusia. Nilai spiritual dibagi lagi jadi 4 nilai yakni:

  • Nilai Estetika, yaitu nilai yang terdapat pada sebuah benda perdasarkan keindahannya, penilaian pada nilai estetika ini yaitu indah/bagus atau buruk.
  • Nilai Moral, yaitu nilai yang bersumber pada pada baik atau buruknya sebuah perbuatan seseorang manusia bersumber pada pada nilai-nilai sosial yang bersifat unversal. Nilai ini bersifat umum meskipun tiap masyarakat mempunyai dasar nilai yang tidak sama. Tetapi dalam penerapannya mungkin terjadi ketidaksamaan lantaran ada dampak budaya di dalamnya.
  • Nilai Religius atau Nilai Kepercayaan, yaitu nilai bersumber pada keyakinan seseorang.
  • Nilai Logika (Kebenaran Pengetahuan Pengetahuan), yaitu mengenai benar atau salah. Nilai ini bersumber bersumber pada benar atau tidaknya suatu hal bersumber pada sumber bukti atau sebagian kenyataan ilmiah. Nilai ini dapat pula menjadikan logika sebagai sumbernya.

Peran Nilai Sosial

Dalam kehidupan bermasyarakat, nilai mempunyai peran penting, yakni:

  • Sebagai petunjuk arah untuk bersikap atau melakukan tindakan dalam kehidupan bermasyarakat.
  • Sebagai referensi serta sumber miotivasi untuk berbuat suatu hal.
  • Alat solidaritas untuk mendorong masyarakat berkerja sama supaya dapat mencapai maksud yang tidak dapat diraih sendiri.
  • Mengarahkan masyarakat untuk berperilaku sesuai dengan nilai-nilai yang berlaku di dalam lingkungannya.
  • Pengawas, pendorong, serta penekan individu untuk berbuat baik.

Daftar Pustaka:

  1. Soewito. 2006. Buku ajar sosiologi untuk SMA/MA kelas X. Solo : Trijaya Utama
  2. Maryati, kun ; Saryawati, Juju. 2006. Sosiologi Untuk SMA/MA kelas X. Jakarta : Erlangga
  3. Waluya, Bagja. 2007. Sosiologi Menyelami Fenomenas Sosial di Masyarakat. Bandung : Seria Purna Inves
  4. Soeroso, Andreas. 2008. Sosiologi 1 untuk SMA kelas X. Jakarta : Yudhistira

Nah, sampailah kita di akhir pembahasan kali ini, Mengenai Nilai Sosial. Mudah-mudahan ilmunya bisa bermanfaat untuk kita semua, ya. Dan, jika masih ada yang belum dimengerti, silakan sahabat menyampaikan pertanyaan pada kotak komentar di bawah ini. Terimakasih sudah bertandang ke Lahiya, jangan lupa like, follow, dan komentarnya, ya.


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