Pengertian Saham

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AMERICAN BROADCASTING SCHOOL Website Granting an inexpensive, fast online degree in radio broadcasting, this school offers a fast track to careers in news, sports, talk, or music radio, as well as other creative voice opportunities. The entire program takes just over eight months to complete (71% of students graduate), uses exclusively one-on-one instruction, and allows you to work at your own pace. You’ll get all the software and equipment you need (as long as you provide your own computer) and personalized vocal coaching. Starting in your very first week, you’ll have the opportunity to record your own radio shows and receive live critiques from professional instructors. Because success in broadcasting requires more than just talent, you’ll also learn digital production, marketing, and other tools of the broadcasting trade. Looking to enroll quickly? You can begin on any Monday of the year! Net Price: $9,459/yr Score: 82.13 See our methodology page for more information about how we calculated this ranking.* *For this ranking, we added an extra feature to the standard methodology. Because we wanted to focus specifically on “speed” rather than general measures of quality, we custom-designed a scale to rank schools based on this highly desirable “fast factor.” Specifically, we researched each online college and asked ourselves the following questions: Does the school offer bachelor’s degrees that one could complete in less than four years? What about associate’s degrees in less than two years? Are there many short certificate options for students who want to quickly augment their skills in an established field? Are there “accelerated” degree paths and options for students who want to earn a combined bachelor’s/master’s degree? Does the school offer credit for life/work experience and past academic coursework in order to help students move ahead on their degree path? Does the school offer multiple course formats so that students have the option to start several times a year and/or to choose between classes of varying lengths? But don’t worry – we still considered graduation rate and tuition costs as well! We hope this has been helpful in providing information about fast online degrees from accredited colleges. There are many fast online degree programs available, and we encourage you to do a broad search to find the program that’s best for you. THIS CONCLUDES OUR RANKING OF THE BEST VALUES IN FAST ONLINE DEGREES. Sources: College Navigator By CVO Staff Published March 2016

Saham adalah surat tanda bukti kepemilikan disuatu perusahaan yang go public. Pengertian saham lebih lengkap disimpulkan sebagai sertifikat yang memperlihatkan bukti kepemilikan suatu perusahaan serta pemegang saham mempunyai hak klaim atas pendapatan serta aktiva perusahaan.

Saham Menurut Para Ahli

Menurut Darmadji dan Fakhruddin (2006:5) yang dimaksud dengan saham adalah:

Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma is a rare type of mesothelioma which attacks the lining of abdomen also known as peritoneum. Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (MPM) is a universally fatal disease affecting 20% to 30% of the mesothelioma cases. It's was first described by Miller and Wynn in the year 1908. According to the statistics, in the past two decades, the incidence of malignant peritoneal mesothelioma cancer has increased. Peritoneal mesothelioma affects the lining of the abdomen also known as peritoneum. The location of malignant cell is human's abdominal lining and because of that, MPM can sometimes known as abdominal mesothelioma. However, most common term used to describe this type of cancer is peritoneal mesothelioma. The main cause of MPM in humans is asbestos. Asbestos typically is the one of most commonly roofing materials since it is not only cheaper but is easy to fix on a roof. Asbestos exposure contributed to almost 70 to 80 percent of mesothelioma lung cancer. Humans come into contact with asbestos when they swallow or inhale the fibers. Asbestos inhalation may increase risk to develop asbestos related diseases, most importantly mesothelioma. Asbestos was completely banned in UK since it was recognized to be a serious health hazard, and it is now responsible for about 4000 deaths each year and many cases of serious disease. The people at increase risk of developing health asbestos related disease are those whose work brings them into direct contact with asbestos such as builders, heating engineers, roofers and demolition workers. In addition to mesothelioma, asbestos exposure will increase the risk of other health problems such as lung cancer, asbestosis (chronic lung ailment) and other type of cancer such as larynx and kidney cancer. Symptoms of Malignant Peritoneal Mesothelioma It can takes such a long time for cancer to develop the symptoms and sometimes may take up to 30 years, between exposure to asbestos and the start of the disease. Most common symptoms of the disease are abdominal pain, abdominal swelling, abnormal weight loss, anemia, easy fatigue, nausea and vomiting. Abdominal pain and swelling result from fluid accumulation in the abdominal cavity. Other than that, people can easily get fever when the disease starts to shows its symptoms. Among the symptoms stated above, abdominal pain is the most common reported initial symptoms of MPM. Unexplained night sweats and blood coagulation problems are less frequent symptoms occurring when the cancer develops. If the cancer cells spread to the other part of the body, the symptoms may lead to trouble swallowing or swelling of the neck and face. Diagnosis of Abdominal Mesothelioma It is very difficult to diagnose peritoneal mesothelioma since there is no defined system so far that can differentiate the stages of the development of cancerous tumor cells. If required, TNM staging system normally used to detect the cancer in stages. Other than that, Serum mesothelin-related protein (SMRP) may be a potentially useful serum marker used to diagnose and to follow-up the cancer progression. Computer tomography (CT) findings may be a useful tool in detection and characterization of peritoneal mass. Malignant Peritoneal Mesothelioma is a deadly neoplasm. MPM's diagnosis is difficult to perform since the symptoms will take a long time to show up. Early detection is the key in peritoneal mesothelioma treatment since the cancer cell normally spread very fast. Peritoneal Mesothelioma can be regarded as a very dangerous cancer among other cancer.However we can prevent this problems from occur to you and your family. As i said before, early detection is the key of peritoneal mesothelioma treatment [] success since the cancer cell spread very fast. Get your free update's information about mesothelioma especially mesothelioma treatment by click > mesothelioma [] Article Source: Article Source:

“Sebagai tanda penyertaan atau pemilikan seseorang atau badan dalam suatu perusahaan atau perseorangan terbatas. Wujud saham adalah selembar kertas yang menerangkan bahwa pemilik kertas tersebut adalah pemilik perusahaan yang menerbitkan surat berharga tersebut. Porsi kepemilikan ditentukan oleh seberapa besar penyertaan yang ditanamkan di perusahaan tersebut.”

Menurut Sunariyah (2006: 126-127) yang dimaksud dengan saham adalah:

“Surat berharga yang dikeluarkan oleh sebuah perusahaan yang berbentuk Perseroan Terbatas (PT) atau yang biasa disebut emitmen. Saham menyatakan bahwa pemilik saham tersebut adalah juga pemilik sebagian dari perusahaan tersebut.”

Sedangkan menurut Bambang Riyanto (2001:240) mengemukakan bahwa:

“Saham adalah tanda bukti pengembalian bagian atau peserta dalam perseroan terbatas, bagi yang bersangkutan, yang diterima dari hasil penjualan sahamnya akan tetapi tertanam di dalam perusahaan tersebut selama hidupnya, meskipun bagi pemegang saham sendiri bukanlah merupakan peranan permanen, karena setiap waktu pemegang saham dapat menjual sahamnya.”

Pengertian harga saham menurut Martono (2007:13) didefinisikan sebagai berikut :

“Harga saham merupakan refleksi dari keputusan-keputusan investasi, pendanaan (termasuk kebijakan dividen) dan pengelolaan aset.”

Sawidji Widioatmodjo (2005:102) mendefinisikan harga saham sebagai berikut :

“Harga pasar saham adalah harga jual dari investor yang satu kepada investor yang lain setelah saham tersebut di cantumkan di bursa, baik bursa utama maupun OTC (Over the counter market)”.

Menurut Siegel Shim dalam buku “Kamus Istilah Akuntansi” (1999 : 441) yang ditejemahkan oleh Moh.Kurdi mendefinisikan harga saham sebagai berikut :

“Harga saham merupakan tingkat harga saham equilibrium dimana terdapat kesepakatan antara pembeli dan penjual pada pasar modal di Bursa Efek”.

Ada dua jenis saham berdasar pada hak tagih atau kemampuan klaim yakni seperti berikut :


Saham Biasa (Common Stock)

Jenis saham ini yang seringkali dipakai serta paling disukai banyak orang di pasar modal lantaran pemilik saham jenis ini akan menerima dividen bila perusahaan mendapatkan keuntungan/laba serta tidak mendapatkan dividen saat perusahaan dalam kondisi buruk dan mempunyai hak suara pada Rapat Umum Pemegang Saham (RUPS).

Jika suatu saat perusahaan dilikuidasi/bangkrut, maka para pemegang saham ini akan menerima hak atas sisa dari aset perusahaan atau sesudah melunasi hutang kepada pihak lain. Beberapa ciri saham biasadiantaranya : Memperoleh sisa dari aset atau kekayaan perusahaan bila dilikuidasi, mempunyai hak suara serta dapat memilih dewan komisaris, haknya lebih diprioritaskan.

Jenis ini mempunyai karakteristik seperti berikut :

a) Hak klaim terakhir atas aktiva perusahaan bila perusahaan dilikuidasi.
b) Hak suara proporsional pada penentuan direksi dan ketetapan lain yang diputuskan pada rapat umum pemegang saham.
c) Dividen, apabila perusahaan mendapatkan untung serta disetujui dalam rapat umum pemegang saham.
d) Hak memesan efek terlebih dulu dikerjakan saat sebelum efek itu ditawarkan pada masyarakat.

Saham Preferen (Preferred Stock)

Jenis saham preferen ini tujuannya adalah pemegang saham mendapatkan hak istimewa dan pasti dalam pembayaran dividen dibanding jenis saham biasa. Bila suatu waktu perusahaan dilikuidasi, para pemegang saham jenis ini ini akan memperoleh hak atas sisa aset perusahaan sebelum pemegang saham biasa dan haknya lebih tinggi dari pemegang saham biasa, maksudnya besarnya dividen yang di terima umumnya telah diputuskan lebih dahulu.

Adapun ciri-ciri jenis saham ini diantaranya : dividen kumulatif, konvertibilitas (dapat diganti menjadi saham umum), mempunyai tingkatan-tingkatan, haknya lebih tinggi dibanding saham biasa, tidak mempunyai hak suara seperti saham biasa dalam RUPS, pembagian dividennya lebih diprioritaskan, bila perusahaan bangkrut maka pembagian sisa asetnya lebih diprioritaskan sebelum jatuh ke pemegang saham biasa.

Saham Preferen adalah jenis efek yang mempunyai sifat 1/2 saham serta 1/2 utang. Oleh karenanya saham ini mempunyai karakteristik seperti berikut :

a) Pembayaran dividen dalam jumlah yang tidak berubah.
b) Hak klaim lebih dulu dibandingkan saham biasa bila perusahaan dilikuidasi.
c) Bisa diubah menjadi saham biasa.
d) Tidak memiliki hak suara dalam Rapat Umum Pemegang Saham.

Jenis saham berdasar pada cara peralihannya ada dua jenis, yakni :

Saham Atas Unjuk (Bearer Stocks)

• Pada saham ini tak tertulis nama pemiliknya, agar lebih mudah dipindahtangankan dari satu investor ke investor lain.
• Siapa yang memegang saham itu secara hukum, jadi dialah yang diakui sebagai pemiliknya serta memiliki hak untuk turut hadir dalam RUPS.
Saham Atas Nama (Registered Stocks)
• Saham jenis ini ditulis dengan jelas siapa nama pemiliknya, cara peralihannya harus dilewati melalui prosedur yang sudah ditetapkan.

Penilaian Harga Saham

pengertian saham

Menurut Sunariyah (2006:168-179) ada beberapa pendekatan yang dapat digunakan untuk menilai harga suatu saham tetapi dua pendekatan berikut yang paling banyak digunakan, yaitu pendekatan tradisional dan pendekatan portofolio modern.
Pendekatan tradisional,

Pendekatan Tradisional

Untuk menganalisis surat berharga saham dengan pendekatan tradisional digunakan dua analisis yaitu:

Analisis teknikal


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