Pengertian Uang: Sejarah, Fungsi, Syarat, Jenis, & Teori Uang

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Although it offers nearly 200 degrees and certificates, the school’s most popular programs include business administration, criminal justice, general studies, sports and health sciences, psychology, and homeland security. With courses starting on the first Monday of every month and lasting either 8 or 16 weeks, there’s no need to wait for a new semester to begin, earning APUS a top spot in our fast online degree rankings. Net Price: $9,572/yr Score: 70.60 American InterContinental University Fast Online Degrees Accredited, fast online degrees are in abundance at AIU, which offers programs in everything from business to web design. 3. AMERICAN INTERCONTINENTAL UNIVERSITY-ONLINE Website In addition to the career-focused fields found at other online schools – business, criminal justice, IT, education, and healthcare – AIU also has several degrees in design fields, making it a great choice for students who want to blend vocational skills and artistic vision. 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AMERICAN BROADCASTING SCHOOL Website Granting an inexpensive, fast online degree in radio broadcasting, this school offers a fast track to careers in news, sports, talk, or music radio, as well as other creative voice opportunities. The entire program takes just over eight months to complete (71% of students graduate), uses exclusively one-on-one instruction, and allows you to work at your own pace. You’ll get all the software and equipment you need (as long as you provide your own computer) and personalized vocal coaching. Starting in your very first week, you’ll have the opportunity to record your own radio shows and receive live critiques from professional instructors. Because success in broadcasting requires more than just talent, you’ll also learn digital production, marketing, and other tools of the broadcasting trade. Looking to enroll quickly? You can begin on any Monday of the year! Net Price: $9,459/yr Score: 82.13 See our methodology page for more information about how we calculated this ranking.* *For this ranking, we added an extra feature to the standard methodology. Because we wanted to focus specifically on “speed” rather than general measures of quality, we custom-designed a scale to rank schools based on this highly desirable “fast factor.” Specifically, we researched each online college and asked ourselves the following questions: Does the school offer bachelor’s degrees that one could complete in less than four years? What about associate’s degrees in less than two years? Are there many short certificate options for students who want to quickly augment their skills in an established field? Are there “accelerated” degree paths and options for students who want to earn a combined bachelor’s/master’s degree? Does the school offer credit for life/work experience and past academic coursework in order to help students move ahead on their degree path? Does the school offer multiple course formats so that students have the option to start several times a year and/or to choose between classes of varying lengths? But don’t worry – we still considered graduation rate and tuition costs as well! We hope this has been helpful in providing information about fast online degrees from accredited colleges. There are many fast online degree programs available, and we encourage you to do a broad search to find the program that’s best for you. THIS CONCLUDES OUR RANKING OF THE BEST VALUES IN FAST ONLINE DEGREES. Sources: College Navigator By CVO Staff Published March 2016

Pengertian, Sejarah, Fungsi, Syarat, Jenis, serta Teori Mengenai Uang – Saat ini kehidupan manusia dapat dikatakan tak dapat terlepas dari kebutuhan akan uang. Walaupun uang hanya lembaran kertas dan koin, namun setiap orang ingin bekerja dan sebagian ikhlas melakukan apa pun demi untuk mendapatkannya.

Istilah seperti : ‘Ada uang Abang disayang’, ‘tak ada uang Abang ditendang’, ‘Hampir semuanya di dunia ini dapat dibeli dengan uang’, serta ‘Mabok duit (uang) ’ yaitu contoh betapa besar fungsi uang untuk manusia. Kenapa demikian? Pada Kesempatan ini akan dibahas mengenai uang.

Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma is a rare type of mesothelioma which attacks the lining of abdomen also known as peritoneum. Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (MPM) is a universally fatal disease affecting 20% to 30% of the mesothelioma cases. It's was first described by Miller and Wynn in the year 1908. According to the statistics, in the past two decades, the incidence of malignant peritoneal mesothelioma cancer has increased. Peritoneal mesothelioma affects the lining of the abdomen also known as peritoneum. The location of malignant cell is human's abdominal lining and because of that, MPM can sometimes known as abdominal mesothelioma. However, most common term used to describe this type of cancer is peritoneal mesothelioma. The main cause of MPM in humans is asbestos. Asbestos typically is the one of most commonly roofing materials since it is not only cheaper but is easy to fix on a roof. Asbestos exposure contributed to almost 70 to 80 percent of mesothelioma lung cancer. Humans come into contact with asbestos when they swallow or inhale the fibers. Asbestos inhalation may increase risk to develop asbestos related diseases, most importantly mesothelioma. Asbestos was completely banned in UK since it was recognized to be a serious health hazard, and it is now responsible for about 4000 deaths each year and many cases of serious disease. The people at increase risk of developing health asbestos related disease are those whose work brings them into direct contact with asbestos such as builders, heating engineers, roofers and demolition workers. In addition to mesothelioma, asbestos exposure will increase the risk of other health problems such as lung cancer, asbestosis (chronic lung ailment) and other type of cancer such as larynx and kidney cancer. Symptoms of Malignant Peritoneal Mesothelioma It can takes such a long time for cancer to develop the symptoms and sometimes may take up to 30 years, between exposure to asbestos and the start of the disease. Most common symptoms of the disease are abdominal pain, abdominal swelling, abnormal weight loss, anemia, easy fatigue, nausea and vomiting. Abdominal pain and swelling result from fluid accumulation in the abdominal cavity. Other than that, people can easily get fever when the disease starts to shows its symptoms. Among the symptoms stated above, abdominal pain is the most common reported initial symptoms of MPM. Unexplained night sweats and blood coagulation problems are less frequent symptoms occurring when the cancer develops. If the cancer cells spread to the other part of the body, the symptoms may lead to trouble swallowing or swelling of the neck and face. Diagnosis of Abdominal Mesothelioma It is very difficult to diagnose peritoneal mesothelioma since there is no defined system so far that can differentiate the stages of the development of cancerous tumor cells. If required, TNM staging system normally used to detect the cancer in stages. Other than that, Serum mesothelin-related protein (SMRP) may be a potentially useful serum marker used to diagnose and to follow-up the cancer progression. Computer tomography (CT) findings may be a useful tool in detection and characterization of peritoneal mass. Malignant Peritoneal Mesothelioma is a deadly neoplasm. MPM's diagnosis is difficult to perform since the symptoms will take a long time to show up. Early detection is the key in peritoneal mesothelioma treatment since the cancer cell normally spread very fast. Peritoneal Mesothelioma can be regarded as a very dangerous cancer among other cancer.However we can prevent this problems from occur to you and your family. As i said before, early detection is the key of peritoneal mesothelioma treatment [] success since the cancer cell spread very fast. Get your free update's information about mesothelioma especially mesothelioma treatment by click > mesothelioma [] Article Source: Article Source:

Pengertian Uang

Pengertian uang dibagi dua, yakni : Pengertian uang dalam ilmu ekonomi tradisional serta moderen.

  • Pengertian uang dalam ekonomi tradisional diartikan sebagai setiap alat tukar yang bisa di terima pada umumnya. Alat tukar itu bisa berbentuk benda apapun yang bisa di terima oleh setiap orang di masyarakat dalam sistem pertukaran barang serta jasa. Uang seperti ini disebut Uang Barang.
  • Sedangkan dalam ilmu ekonomi moderen, uang didefinisikan sebagai suatu hal yang ada serta pada umumnya di terima sebagai alat pembayaran untuk pembelian barang-barang serta beberapa jasa dan kekayaan berharga lainnya bahkan juga untuk pembayaran hutang. Beberapa pakar juga mengatakan fungsi uang sebagai alat penukar pembayaran.

Kesimpulannya, uang yaitu suatu benda yang di terima secara umum oleh masyarakat untuk mengukur nilai, menukar, dan juga melakukan pembayaran atas pembelian barang serta jasa, serta pada saat yang bersamaan bertindak sebagai alat penimbun kekayaan.

Kehadiran uang menyediakan alternatif transaksi yang lebih mudah dari pada barter yang lebih kompleks, tak efisien, serta kurang pas digunakan dalam sistem ekonomi moderen lantaran memerlukan orang yang mempunyai keinginan yang sama untuk melakukan pertukaran serta kesulitan dalam penentuan nilai. Efisiensi yang diperoleh dengan menggunakan uang selanjutnya akan mendorong perdagangan serta pembagian tenaga kerja yang lantas akan meningkatkan produktifitas serta kemakmuran.

Awal mulanya di Indonesia, uang —dalam hal ini uang kartal— diproduksi oleh pemerintah Republik Indonesia. Tetapi mulai sejak dikeluarkannya UU No. 13 tahun 1968 pasal 26 ayat 1, hak pemerintah untuk mencetak uang dicabut. Pemerintah lalu menentukan Bank Sentral, Bank Indonesia, sebagai satu-satunya lembaga yang memiliki hak membuat uang kartal. Hak untuk membuat uang itu dimaksud dengan hak oktroi.

Sejarah Uang

Image result for sejarah uang

Awal mulanya, dahulu manusia sama sekali belum mengetahui pertukaran barang (barter) terlebih uang, lantaran kehidupan saat itu belum sekompleks seperti saat ini. Dengan begitu sederhana sekali, manusia saat itu memenuhi kebutuhan hidup sendiri-sendiri. Umpamanya : Berburu bila lapar, kalau butuh baju mereka membuatnya sendiri dengan bahan sederhana seperti kulit serta dedaunan pohon, bila menginginkan makan yang lain tinggal pergi ke hutan untuk memetik buah yang dapat dikonsumsi.

Tetapi bersamaan dengan berjalannya waktu, semakin lama manusia menghadapi kenyataan bahwa apa yang mereka dapatkan tak bisa memenuhi kebutuhannya sendiri secara menyeluruh. Hingga dicarilah langkah untuk tukar-menukar barang pada individu satu sama lain. Langkah seperti ini di kenal dengan sistem barter.  

Sistem Barter

Sistem barter digunakan cukup lama, berabad-abad. Sampai pada akhirnya kehidupan manusia semakin kompleks hingga adakalanya sistem barter menghadapi masalah seperti sulitnya bertemu dua orang yang memiliki barang yang ingin ditukarkan satu sama lain. Contoh : Si A mempunyai buah serta butuh ikan, ketemunya dengan si B yang mempunyai ikan namun butuhnya bukanlah buah, tapi baju. 

Uang Barang

Menghadapi permasalahan seperti di atas, jadi manusia memikirkan lagi sampai menemukan jalan keluar yakni menggunakan benda-benda tertentu sebagai alat tukar. Benda yang ditetapkan sebagai alat ganti biasanya benda yang dapat di terima pada umumnya, misalnya pada orang Romawi dahulu menggunakan garam.

Bila diilustrasikan pada si A dan si B di atas, maka akan berlangsung seperti ini : Si A menjumpai penghasil garam yang perlu buah, lalu buah diganti dengan garam. Setelah garam dia dapat, barulah menukar garamnya dengan ikannya si B. Walau yang diperlukan si B yaitu baju, namun si B mau menerima lantaran garam telah diputuskan sebagai alat pertukaran hingga kedepannya akan memudahkan si B untuk menukarnya lagi dengan yang ia butuhkan, yakni baju.

Walau alat tukar telah ditetapkan, seiring berjalannya waktu menemui masalah juga. Seperti : Tidak memiliki pecahan nilai hingga kesulitan menentukan nilainya, penyimpanan serta pengangkutan (transportation) yang susah, serta mudah hancur atau tidak bertahan lamanya benda itu.

Hingga pada akhirnya dicarilah benda yang memiliki kriteria :

  • Diterima secara umum
  • lebih mudah dibawa, serta tahan lama

Benda itu adalah uang logam yang bahan pembuatannya dari emas serta perak.  

Pada saat itu setiap orang yang memiliki uang logam itu memiliki hak penuh atas uang itu. Setiap orang bisa menimbun sebanyak mungkin bahkan juga bisa untuk menempa atau melebur untuk digunakan perhiasan, hingga muncul asumsi bahwa suatu waktu bila tukar menukar mengalami perkembangan yang memerlukan uang logam dalam jumlah banyak, jadi tak dapat dilayani karena mengingat emas serta perak jumlahnya terbatas. Lagi pula untuk transaksi tukar-menukar dalam skala besar, uang logam jumlah banyak juga memiliki kekurangan yakni sulitnya untuk dipindah-pindahkan dari tangan satu ke tangan lainnya. Hingga pada akhirnya terciptalah uang kertas.

Namun jangan salah, uang kertas yang beredar saat itu adalah bukti kepimilikan atas emas atau perak. Dengan kata lain, uang kertas yang beredar ketika itu adalah duit yang ditanggung 100% dengan emas atau perak yang disimpan di pandai emas atau perak serta sewaktu-waktu bisa ditukarkan penuh dengan jaminannya. Pada perkembangan selanjutnya, masyarakat tak akan menggunakan emas (secara langsung) sebagai alat pertukaran. Sebagai gantinya, mereka menjadikan ‘kertas-bukti’ itu sebagai alat tukar.


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