Potret Pilu Dua Sejoli Korban Kolonialisme

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Are you wondering about the fastest way to get a degree online? Fast online degrees can offer considerable value to today’s student. Not everyone has the luxury of attending school for four years in one stretch – much less to immediately jump into a graduate program for an additional multi-year commitment! From working professionals to busy parents to older adults finally fulfilling their academic goals, there are plenty of nontraditional students out there who have limits on their study time. Thankfully, online colleges cater to this restriction by helping their students learn efficiently, quickly, and conveniently. We’ve listed some of the very best (and most affordable) below. In this ranking, we examine the best value colleges for fast online degrees. Allied American University Fast Online Degrees The fast online degree programs at AAU include numerous certificate options with a quick turnaround. 10. 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The Teacher’s College in particular has many subject–specific licensure programs, helping students prepare efficiently for their careers. Because tuition is charged according to the length of time you are enrolled, not the number of courses you take, you are rewarded financially for progressing quickly – a dream scenario for fast-paced students! You can also get personalized Degree Plans that take into account your prior skills and knowledge, performance on pre-enrollment assessments, and remaining requirements, so you only take exactly the courses you need. And because WGU requires “On Time Progress,” you’ll have plenty of support to make sure you don’t languish in your academic efforts. Plus, students who have completed either an associate’s degree or coursework at a community college can transfer credits, expediting their progress and making WGU a standout in this ranking of fast online degrees. Net Price: $8,624/yr Score: 62.82 National Paralegal College Fast Online Degree NPC’s legal studies program is a no brainer for students who want a fast online degree studying law and government. 5. NATIONAL PARALEGAL COLLEGE Website Through this school’s accelerated online degree programs, you can earn your bachelor’s in legal studies in under 3 years or an associate’s degree in just 15 months. Lots of interesting classes run simultaneously, some of which you’d expect in a legal curriculum (American Government; Torts and Personal Injury; Constitutional Law and Criminal Procedure) but others will broaden your education, including The Science of Nutrition, Environmental Science, and Laws of Cyberspace. Depending on your schedule, you can join live online lectures or watch recordings whenever you have time. Unsure if this school is right for you? Simply by filling out an application, you’ll get two free weeks of enrollment, including lectures and discussions with your potential instructors and classmates. This free trial period could be just what you need to decide to complete an affordable, fast online degree at NPC. Net Price: $13,709/yr Score: 69.33 American Public University System Online Fast Degrees Students who are eager to earn an affordable fast online degree can enroll at APU as early as next month. 4. AMERICAN PUBLIC UNIVERSITY SYSTEM Website APUS has been serving non-traditional students since 1991, well before online education became mainstream. Originally founded as American Military University to cater to mobile military learners, it reorganized into APUS in 2002 in order to serve a wider range of learners – and today 42% of its students are civilians. Even so, American Public University continues to enroll more members of the armed forces than any other school. Although it offers nearly 200 degrees and certificates, the school’s most popular programs include business administration, criminal justice, general studies, sports and health sciences, psychology, and homeland security. With courses starting on the first Monday of every month and lasting either 8 or 16 weeks, there’s no need to wait for a new semester to begin, earning APUS a top spot in our fast online degree rankings. Net Price: $9,572/yr Score: 70.60 American InterContinental University Fast Online Degrees Accredited, fast online degrees are in abundance at AIU, which offers programs in everything from business to web design. 3. AMERICAN INTERCONTINENTAL UNIVERSITY-ONLINE Website In addition to the career-focused fields found at other online schools – business, criminal justice, IT, education, and healthcare – AIU also has several degrees in design fields, making it a great choice for students who want to blend vocational skills and artistic vision. You can earn a Bachelor of Fine Arts in graphic design, web design, illustration, or even fashion. For students who live in the greater Atlanta or Houston areas and want face-to-face learning and physical classrooms, there are campuses waiting to welcome you. A generous credit-transfer program allows you to save time and money, making this a truly affordable fast online degree. AIU also has a special admissions department just for the military and offers a 45% tuition discount to active service members, as well as a 10% discount for Reserves, National Guard, and their spouses. Net Price: $15,495/yr Score: 71.82 Sessions-College-for-Professional-Design(1) 2. SESSIONS COLLEGE FOR PROFESSIONAL DESIGN Website Speaking of artistic degrees for vocational trades, Sessions is a great choice for students who want an accredited fast online degree in the arts, such as graphic design, web design, digital photography, and much more. Experienced designers can also take quick professional development courses in Photoshop and other specific skills without pursuing an entire degree. This makes Sessions a standout among the many online colleges that offer more traditional programs in professional fields like business, teaching, or information technology. While Sessions offers numerous certificates and associates degrees, students can also earn credits that transfer to bachelor’s degrees at Excelsior College. All courses have three different start dates a year – January, May and September – giving you plenty of flexibility when planning your schedule. Net Price: $12,352/yr Score: 74.74 American Broadcasting School Fast Online Degrees The American Broadcasting School is #1 on this fast online degree ranking and undoubtedly the best option for aspiring journalists. 1. AMERICAN BROADCASTING SCHOOL Website Granting an inexpensive, fast online degree in radio broadcasting, this school offers a fast track to careers in news, sports, talk, or music radio, as well as other creative voice opportunities. The entire program takes just over eight months to complete (71% of students graduate), uses exclusively one-on-one instruction, and allows you to work at your own pace. You’ll get all the software and equipment you need (as long as you provide your own computer) and personalized vocal coaching. Starting in your very first week, you’ll have the opportunity to record your own radio shows and receive live critiques from professional instructors. Because success in broadcasting requires more than just talent, you’ll also learn digital production, marketing, and other tools of the broadcasting trade. Looking to enroll quickly? You can begin on any Monday of the year! Net Price: $9,459/yr Score: 82.13 See our methodology page for more information about how we calculated this ranking.* *For this ranking, we added an extra feature to the standard methodology. Because we wanted to focus specifically on “speed” rather than general measures of quality, we custom-designed a scale to rank schools based on this highly desirable “fast factor.” Specifically, we researched each online college and asked ourselves the following questions: Does the school offer bachelor’s degrees that one could complete in less than four years? What about associate’s degrees in less than two years? Are there many short certificate options for students who want to quickly augment their skills in an established field? Are there “accelerated” degree paths and options for students who want to earn a combined bachelor’s/master’s degree? Does the school offer credit for life/work experience and past academic coursework in order to help students move ahead on their degree path? Does the school offer multiple course formats so that students have the option to start several times a year and/or to choose between classes of varying lengths? But don’t worry – we still considered graduation rate and tuition costs as well! We hope this has been helpful in providing information about fast online degrees from accredited colleges. There are many fast online degree programs available, and we encourage you to do a broad search to find the program that’s best for you. THIS CONCLUDES OUR RANKING OF THE BEST VALUES IN FAST ONLINE DEGREES. Sources: College Navigator By CVO Staff Published March 2016 https://www.collegevaluesonline.com/rankings/fast-online-degrees-best-values/

Lahiya – Berlokasi di sudut alun-alun Kota Rangkasbitung, Provinsi Banten, sebuah bangunan dengan arsitektur khas colonial memampang aksara besar: Museum Multatuli. Sedangkan di sebelah timur alun-alun, tepat di seberang museum, tampak berdiri dengan megah gedung Perpustakaan Saidjah Adinda. Saat tim media mengunjunginya, suasana perpustakaan cukup tenang dan tampak beberapa pengunjung saja yang datang. Bangunan perpustakaan yang menyerupai Leuit (lumbung padi masyarakat adat Baduy) itu tampak unik dan menarik.

Ada pun Museum Multatuli tak dikunjungi lantaran pada Rabu (03/01/2018) itu. Museum yang erat kaitannya dengan perpustakaan ini masih sedang dalam perbaikan. Dulunya, Museum Multatuli merupakan rumah Asisten Residen Lebak yang dibangun 1920. Sedangkan nama perpustakaan diambil dari nama dua tokoh sepasang remaja, Saidjah dan Adinda, dalam novel berjudul Max Havelaar yang ditulis Multatuli. Seperti kita ketahui, Multatuli merupakan nama pena dari Eduard Douwes Dekker, mantan Asisten Residen Lebak.

Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma is a rare type of mesothelioma which attacks the lining of abdomen also known as peritoneum. Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (MPM) is a universally fatal disease affecting 20% to 30% of the mesothelioma cases. It's was first described by Miller and Wynn in the year 1908. According to the statistics, in the past two decades, the incidence of malignant peritoneal mesothelioma cancer has increased. Peritoneal mesothelioma affects the lining of the abdomen also known as peritoneum. The location of malignant cell is human's abdominal lining and because of that, MPM can sometimes known as abdominal mesothelioma. However, most common term used to describe this type of cancer is peritoneal mesothelioma. The main cause of MPM in humans is asbestos. Asbestos typically is the one of most commonly roofing materials since it is not only cheaper but is easy to fix on a roof. Asbestos exposure contributed to almost 70 to 80 percent of mesothelioma lung cancer. Humans come into contact with asbestos when they swallow or inhale the fibers. Asbestos inhalation may increase risk to develop asbestos related diseases, most importantly mesothelioma. Asbestos was completely banned in UK since it was recognized to be a serious health hazard, and it is now responsible for about 4000 deaths each year and many cases of serious disease. The people at increase risk of developing health asbestos related disease are those whose work brings them into direct contact with asbestos such as builders, heating engineers, roofers and demolition workers. In addition to mesothelioma, asbestos exposure will increase the risk of other health problems such as lung cancer, asbestosis (chronic lung ailment) and other type of cancer such as larynx and kidney cancer. Symptoms of Malignant Peritoneal Mesothelioma It can takes such a long time for cancer to develop the symptoms and sometimes may take up to 30 years, between exposure to asbestos and the start of the disease. Most common symptoms of the disease are abdominal pain, abdominal swelling, abnormal weight loss, anemia, easy fatigue, nausea and vomiting. Abdominal pain and swelling result from fluid accumulation in the abdominal cavity. Other than that, people can easily get fever when the disease starts to shows its symptoms. Among the symptoms stated above, abdominal pain is the most common reported initial symptoms of MPM. Unexplained night sweats and blood coagulation problems are less frequent symptoms occurring when the cancer develops. If the cancer cells spread to the other part of the body, the symptoms may lead to trouble swallowing or swelling of the neck and face. Diagnosis of Abdominal Mesothelioma It is very difficult to diagnose peritoneal mesothelioma since there is no defined system so far that can differentiate the stages of the development of cancerous tumor cells. If required, TNM staging system normally used to detect the cancer in stages. Other than that, Serum mesothelin-related protein (SMRP) may be a potentially useful serum marker used to diagnose and to follow-up the cancer progression. Computer tomography (CT) findings may be a useful tool in detection and characterization of peritoneal mass. Malignant Peritoneal Mesothelioma is a deadly neoplasm. MPM's diagnosis is difficult to perform since the symptoms will take a long time to show up. Early detection is the key in peritoneal mesothelioma treatment since the cancer cell normally spread very fast. Peritoneal Mesothelioma can be regarded as a very dangerous cancer among other cancer.However we can prevent this problems from occur to you and your family. As i said before, early detection is the key of peritoneal mesothelioma treatment [http://peritonealmesotheliomatreatment.com/] success since the cancer cell spread very fast. Get your free update's information about mesothelioma especially mesothelioma treatment by click > mesothelioma [http://mesotheliomatreatmentnews.com/] Article Source: https://EzineArticles.com/expert/Lan_Sipenyair/912820 Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/6234654

Dilansir dari reportase SindoNews.com dan sumber lainnya, Rabu (10/01/2018), pada Desember 2016 Pemerintah Kabupaten Lebak menetapkan kedua bangunan ini sebagai cagar budaya. Kedua bangunan ini seolah menjadi pengingat bahwa di Rangkasbitung ini pernah hadir seorang Asisten Residen Lebak, Eduard Douwes Dekker,  yang berani mengkritik kebobrokan sistem tanam paksa pemerintah Kolonial Hindia Belanda karena menyengsarakan rakyat.

Waktu itu, Eduard Douwes Dekker berani secara terbuka menyampaikan kebobrokan sistem tanam paksa atau kerja rodi. Bahkan dia marah karena sistem itu melahirkan penindasan, korupsi, dan nepotisme, yang dipraktikan para pejabat saat itu. Sistem feodalisme pejabat pribumi dan kolonialisme penjajah Belanda, melahirkan kapitalisme yang menyengsarakan masyarakat.

Baca juga: Mengintip Cantiknya Perempuan Jepang Ketika Rayakan Hari Kedewasaan

Semenjak dilantik menjadi Asisten Residen Lebak Januari 1956, Eduard Douwes Dekker sudah menyindir tentang kondisi rakyat Lebak yang miskin dan kelaparan. Ia melontarkannya di hadapan residen, bupati, dan demang. Padahal areal persawahan di Lebak sangat luas hingga bertebaran sampai ke puncak-puncak bukit. Bahkan baru sebulan menjabat, dia mengirim laporan pada Residen Serang bahwa bupati Lebak menyalahgunakan kekuasaannya dan dicurigai melakukan pemerasan. Hal itu terjadi pada 24 Februari 1856.

Eduard Douwes Dekker memang tak lama menjabat sebagai Asisten Residen Lebak. Dia mengundurkan diri Pada 20 April 1856 lantaran tak cocok dengan gaya kepemimpinan atasannya dan tak menindaklanjuti laporannya. Ia kembali ke Belanda dan membawa semua manuskrip, mulai dari surat-surat dinas selama bertugas di Hindia Belanda sampai sejumlah naskah sandiwara. Kritik Eduard Douwes Dekker tetap lantang dan tak pernah surut.

Memasuki Januari 1858 dia tiba di Brussel, Belgia. Dari kamar losmen Au Prince Belge, selama satu bulan di musim gugur 1859 dia menulis novel berjudul Max Havelaar. Dalam novel satir yang berisi kritik atas perlakuan buruk para penjajah terhadap orang-orang pribumi di Hindia Belanda, dia menggunakan nama pena Multatuli. Dari bahasa Latin multa tuli berarti “banyak yang aku sudah derita.”

Novelnya lantas diterbitkan pada 1860 dalam versi yang diedit oleh penerbit tanpa sepengetahuannya. Namun, novel tersebut tetap menimbulkan kegemparan di Belanda dan Eropa. Pada 1868 novelnya terbit dalam bahasa Inggris dan pada 1875 terbit kembali edisi revisi. “Ya, aku mau dibaca!,” tandas Multatuli.

Max Havelaar ini pun diangkat ke layar lebar dengan judul yang sama pada 1976 dan disutradarai Fons Rademakers. Dalam film berdurasi 2 jam 40 menit ini tokoh Max Havelaar diperankan oleh Peter Faber. Sedangkan tokoh Saidjah oleh Herry Lantho dan Adinda oleh Zulaeni. Beberapa aktris Indonesia lainnya yang ikut terlibat adalah Rima Melati dan Piet Burnama. Sayang, film ini relatif tak begitu populer di Indonesia.

Cinta yang Tragis dan Romantis

Dalam novel ini, Multatuli menyisipkan kisah roman yang indah sekaligus getir dan mengharukan. Ada satu bab yang mengisahkan episode Saidjah dan Adinda, sepasang remaja anak keluarga petani dari Badur. Sejak kecil mereka bersahabat dan ketika beranjak dewasa keduanya saling mencintai sehingga berjanji untuk menikah.

Saidjah digambarkan seorang pemuda berikat kepala biru, bercelana pendek, dan dada yang tanpa busana. Ia pandai bermain suling dan rajin membantu orangtuanya membajak di sawah bersama kerbau kesayangannya yang diberi nama Si Pantang. Kerbaunya yang memiliki user-user (unyeng-unyeng) dua di bulu perutnya ini dianggap istimewa. Bahkan ketika Saidjah hendak diterkam macan, si Pantanglah yang maju menghadapinya sehingga Macan pun mati dengan perut robek tertusuk tanduknya.

Malangnya, kerbau kesayangan Saidjah dirampas Demang Parangkujang untuk disetorkan kepada Bupati Lebak yang hendak menjamu saudaranya Bupati dari Cianjur. Ibunda Saidjah yang sangat sedih meninggal dunia dan ayahnya menjadi gila karena tidak bisa lagi membajak sawahnya.

Saidjah pun memutuskan pergi ke Batavia (Jakarta) merantau bekerja dan mengumpulkan uang untuk membeli kerbau. Dia berharap sekembali ke Badur bisa membajak sawah orangtuanya lagi dan berjanji menikah dengan Adinda. Tragisnya, setelah tiga tahun merantau dan kembali ke Badur, Saidjah tak menemukan Adinda yang sudah pergi bersama keluarganya ke Lampung. Senasib dengan Saidjah, Adinda dan keluarganya meninggalkan Lebak karena tak ada lagi sawah yang bisa digarap dan tak sanggup membayar pajak yang tinggi.

Akhirnya Saidjah menyusul dan mencari Adinda. Saat ditemukan, Adinda sudah meninggal bersama keluarganya yang dibunuh oleh tentara Hindia Belanda. Saidjah yang berduka dan marah, mengamuk melawan tentara kompeni, namun dia juga mati setelah dadanya tertusuk bayonet.

Novel ini menyisipkan pula sejumlah puisi tentang Saidjah dan Adinda. Salah satu petikannya adalah sebagai berikut:

“Jika matahari kesasar jalan. Dan bulan lupa mana Timur mana Barat. Jika waktu itu belum juga datang Adinda. Maka turunlah malaikat dengan sayap kemilau. Ke atas bumi mencari apa yang tinggal. Maka mayatku terkapar di sini di bawah ketapang. Jiwaku alangkah berdukacita… Adinda!”

Lawan Politik Lewat Sastra


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