Suku Dayak: Keindahan Tato, Ketajaman Mandau, dan Kecantikan Wanita

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Simply by filling out an application, you’ll get two free weeks of enrollment, including lectures and discussions with your potential instructors and classmates. This free trial period could be just what you need to decide to complete an affordable, fast online degree at NPC. Net Price: $13,709/yr Score: 69.33 American Public University System Online Fast Degrees Students who are eager to earn an affordable fast online degree can enroll at APU as early as next month. 4. AMERICAN PUBLIC UNIVERSITY SYSTEM Website APUS has been serving non-traditional students since 1991, well before online education became mainstream. Originally founded as American Military University to cater to mobile military learners, it reorganized into APUS in 2002 in order to serve a wider range of learners – and today 42% of its students are civilians. Even so, American Public University continues to enroll more members of the armed forces than any other school. 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AMERICAN BROADCASTING SCHOOL Website Granting an inexpensive, fast online degree in radio broadcasting, this school offers a fast track to careers in news, sports, talk, or music radio, as well as other creative voice opportunities. The entire program takes just over eight months to complete (71% of students graduate), uses exclusively one-on-one instruction, and allows you to work at your own pace. You’ll get all the software and equipment you need (as long as you provide your own computer) and personalized vocal coaching. Starting in your very first week, you’ll have the opportunity to record your own radio shows and receive live critiques from professional instructors. Because success in broadcasting requires more than just talent, you’ll also learn digital production, marketing, and other tools of the broadcasting trade. Looking to enroll quickly? You can begin on any Monday of the year! Net Price: $9,459/yr Score: 82.13 See our methodology page for more information about how we calculated this ranking.* *For this ranking, we added an extra feature to the standard methodology. Because we wanted to focus specifically on “speed” rather than general measures of quality, we custom-designed a scale to rank schools based on this highly desirable “fast factor.” Specifically, we researched each online college and asked ourselves the following questions: Does the school offer bachelor’s degrees that one could complete in less than four years? What about associate’s degrees in less than two years? Are there many short certificate options for students who want to quickly augment their skills in an established field? Are there “accelerated” degree paths and options for students who want to earn a combined bachelor’s/master’s degree? Does the school offer credit for life/work experience and past academic coursework in order to help students move ahead on their degree path? Does the school offer multiple course formats so that students have the option to start several times a year and/or to choose between classes of varying lengths? But don’t worry – we still considered graduation rate and tuition costs as well! We hope this has been helpful in providing information about fast online degrees from accredited colleges. There are many fast online degree programs available, and we encourage you to do a broad search to find the program that’s best for you. THIS CONCLUDES OUR RANKING OF THE BEST VALUES IN FAST ONLINE DEGREES. Sources: College Navigator By CVO Staff Published March 2016 https://www.collegevaluesonline.com/rankings/fast-online-degrees-best-values/

Sejarah Suku Dayak Kalimantan

Sebutan Dayak, adalah istilah umum untuk orang-orang yang mendiami pulau Kalimantan. Bahkan di seluruh Indonesia, setiap orang yang mendengar Suku Dayak, tentunya pandangan akan tertuju ke salah satu suku yang mendiami Kalimantan.

Lalu apakah arti dari kata Dayak? C. K. rahmat dan R. Sunardi, mengatakan bahwa kata ‘Dayak’ adalah satu kata nama untuk orang-orang yang tinggal di pulau Kalimantan dan bukan Muslim, terutama orang-orang yang mendiami di Pedalaman Borneo. Istilah ini diberikan oleh orang-orang dari suku atau orang-orang Melayu yang tinggal di daerah pesisir atau pedalaman Kalimantan.

Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma is a rare type of mesothelioma which attacks the lining of abdomen also known as peritoneum. Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (MPM) is a universally fatal disease affecting 20% to 30% of the mesothelioma cases. It's was first described by Miller and Wynn in the year 1908. According to the statistics, in the past two decades, the incidence of malignant peritoneal mesothelioma cancer has increased. Peritoneal mesothelioma affects the lining of the abdomen also known as peritoneum. The location of malignant cell is human's abdominal lining and because of that, MPM can sometimes known as abdominal mesothelioma. However, most common term used to describe this type of cancer is peritoneal mesothelioma. The main cause of MPM in humans is asbestos. Asbestos typically is the one of most commonly roofing materials since it is not only cheaper but is easy to fix on a roof. Asbestos exposure contributed to almost 70 to 80 percent of mesothelioma lung cancer. Humans come into contact with asbestos when they swallow or inhale the fibers. Asbestos inhalation may increase risk to develop asbestos related diseases, most importantly mesothelioma. Asbestos was completely banned in UK since it was recognized to be a serious health hazard, and it is now responsible for about 4000 deaths each year and many cases of serious disease. The people at increase risk of developing health asbestos related disease are those whose work brings them into direct contact with asbestos such as builders, heating engineers, roofers and demolition workers. In addition to mesothelioma, asbestos exposure will increase the risk of other health problems such as lung cancer, asbestosis (chronic lung ailment) and other type of cancer such as larynx and kidney cancer. Symptoms of Malignant Peritoneal Mesothelioma It can takes such a long time for cancer to develop the symptoms and sometimes may take up to 30 years, between exposure to asbestos and the start of the disease. Most common symptoms of the disease are abdominal pain, abdominal swelling, abnormal weight loss, anemia, easy fatigue, nausea and vomiting. Abdominal pain and swelling result from fluid accumulation in the abdominal cavity. Other than that, people can easily get fever when the disease starts to shows its symptoms. Among the symptoms stated above, abdominal pain is the most common reported initial symptoms of MPM. Unexplained night sweats and blood coagulation problems are less frequent symptoms occurring when the cancer develops. If the cancer cells spread to the other part of the body, the symptoms may lead to trouble swallowing or swelling of the neck and face. Diagnosis of Abdominal Mesothelioma It is very difficult to diagnose peritoneal mesothelioma since there is no defined system so far that can differentiate the stages of the development of cancerous tumor cells. If required, TNM staging system normally used to detect the cancer in stages. Other than that, Serum mesothelin-related protein (SMRP) may be a potentially useful serum marker used to diagnose and to follow-up the cancer progression. Computer tomography (CT) findings may be a useful tool in detection and characterization of peritoneal mass. Malignant Peritoneal Mesothelioma is a deadly neoplasm. MPM's diagnosis is difficult to perform since the symptoms will take a long time to show up. Early detection is the key in peritoneal mesothelioma treatment since the cancer cell normally spread very fast. Peritoneal Mesothelioma can be regarded as a very dangerous cancer among other cancer.However we can prevent this problems from occur to you and your family. As i said before, early detection is the key of peritoneal mesothelioma treatment [http://peritonealmesotheliomatreatment.com/] success since the cancer cell spread very fast. Get your free update's information about mesothelioma especially mesothelioma treatment by click > mesothelioma [http://mesotheliomatreatmentnews.com/] Article Source: https://EzineArticles.com/expert/Lan_Sipenyair/912820 Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/6234654

Ketika orang-orang Melayu yang mendiami pesisir Kalimantan memberi cap yang tidak Muslim adalah mereka yang menghuni pedalaman Borneo atau pegunungan. Kemudian muncul pertanyaan, siapakah Melayu? Ketika dilihat dari secara umum, tidak lain, yang disebut suku atau bangsa pada waktu itu adalah orang-orang yang berasal dari daerah Melayu dan berbahasa Melayu atau dapat juga berarti kepada orang Dayak yang telah memeluk Islam.

Bila dilihat dari sudut pandang orang Dayak, Melayu adalah orang-orang yang berasal dari wilayah Melayu dan imigran lain, selain Tiongkok yang sudah hidup di Kalimantan.

Lalu pertanyaan lain, Apakah ada sebuah kata Dayak di bahasa Melayu yang berarti orang gunung?
Sampai sekarang belum pernah ada kamus yang menyatakan bahwa orang-orang Dayak berarti orang gunung.

Kemungkinan pemahaman kata daya sama dengan kata manusia gunung, karena sebagian besar orang Dayak berada di daerah sungai yang tanah bergunung-gunung. Tapi itu tidak berarti bahwa kata Dayak berarti orang gunung.

Selain nama Dayak, kita tahu ini juga adalah istilah ini merujuk kepada Dayak dalam arti suku Dayak. Istilah Dayak diberikan oleh Inggris kepada suku-suku Dayak di Kalimantan Utara.

Dayak Kalimantan tersebar di seluruh Pulau Borneo, hidup di hulu sungai, di pegunungan, lembah, dan kaki. Merujuk mempunyai identitas berdasar tempat asal mereka sesuai nama-nama sungai besar yang ditempati.

Sebagai contoh, berasal dari daerah sungai Barito, mereka menyebut diri mereka Uluh Barito, demikian juga dari daerah aliran sungai Kahayan, uluh kahayan. Ada uluh Kapuas, uluh Katingan, dan seterusnya. Uluh itu berarti orang.

Di antara masyarakat Dayak sendiri, ada keberatan memakai istilah Dayak, sehingga muncul istilah lain untuk Dayak, yaitu “Daya”, yang sedang populer di Kalimantan Timur dan Kalimantan Barat. Selain istilah Daya, kata Daya Sahawung diabadikan sebagai komplek pelajar di Kuala Kapuas, yang namanya adalah komplek Pelajar Sahawung.

“Sahawung” memiliki dua makna, Sahawung pertama adalah pembantu Ranying Hatalla yang berada di atas langit, dan pemahaman kedua, Sahawung berarti utusan, jujur, susu, mamut menteng. Dayak juga bisa berarti “Sahawung”.

Jadi, kata “Dayak” dan “Daya” dalam bahasa Ngaju menunjukkan kata sifat dan juga menunjukkan kekuatan. Demikian pula kata Sahawung, yang berarti sifat kepahlawanan dan berani.

Mengenal suku Dayak, masih terlihat adanya perbedaan pendapat. Beberapa orang mengatakan bahwa suku Dayak yang datang dari langit ke tujuh, dan beberapa berpendapat bahwa suku Dayak berasal dari protoMelayu. Menurut Tetek Tatum, orang Dayak datang dari langit ke tujuh, diturunkan ke bumi dengan menggunakan Palangka Bulau oleh Ranying Hatalla.

Menurut anggapan suku Dayak dari kepercayaan Kaharingan. Manusia diturunkan dari langit ke tujuh menuju empat tempat, yaitu:

  • Di Tantan Puruk Pamatuan, terletak di atas Barito dan Sungai Kesultanan Banjar.
  • Di Tantang Liang Mangan Puruk Kaminting, yang terletak di sekitar kerajaan gunung.
  • Di Datah Tangkasiang, di hulu Sungai Malahui, di Sungai Malahui, yang terletak di Kalimantan Barat.
  • Di Puruk Kambang Tanah Siang, yang terletak di Hulu Sungai Barito.

Orang-orang Dayak yang turun di tempat-tempat ini saling kawin-mengawin dengan satu sama lain, dan kemudian berkembang biak menempati seluruh pulau Kalimantan.

Secara ilmiah dikatakan bahwa sekitar dua ratus tahun sebelum masehi ada beberapa perpindahan orang-orang Melayu yang pertama ke Indonesia. Mereka datang dalam berubah dari daerah Yunan.

Pada awalnya mereka mendiami daerah pantai, tetapi sejak kedatangan bangsa malyu muda, kemudian Ras Melayu atau proto Melayu ditekan untuk masuk ke daerah pedalaman. Bisa jadi bahwa ini adalah karena kalah perang atau karena Melayu kuno budaya lebih rendah bila dibandingkan dengan Melayu muda.

Kebudayaan Dayak: 16 Fakta Keindahan Tato Suku Dayak



  1. Tato menunjukkan status sosial. Misalnya, seorang pemburu akan memiliki tato gambar binatang. Lalu Ketua adat bertato bintang.
  2. Suku dayak dengan tato di sekitar jari, pertanda dia suka membantu atau senang menolong.
  3. Tato yang banyak dan dekat dengan jari menunjukkan dia adalah seorang ahli pengobatan
  4. Suku Dayak juga memiliki tradisi bepergian, dan setiap kampung memiliki motif tato yang berbeda, maka jumlah tato ditubuh seseorang menunjukkan banyaknya kampung dayak yang telah dikunjungi. Jarak antara kampung bisa ratusan kilometer, biasanya melewati sungai menggunakan perahu selama berbulan-bulan.
  5. Bangsawan dayak memiliki tato khusus, tato yaitu Rangkong dan burung endemik Kalimantan lainnya yang dianggap suci.
  6. Pada zaman kuno, dayak yang telah memancung musuh memiliki prestasi lebih dari yang lain dan dia mendapat tato di bahu kanan untuk keberanian yang luar biasa, dan bahu kiri jika keberaniannya dianggap biasa saja. Di zaman sekarang mungkin mirip dengan seorang prajurit yang mendapat lencana penghargaan.
  7. Secara umum, perempuan dayak hanya bertato di tangan dan kaki, sementara laki-laki bsa memiliki tato di seluruh tubuhnya.
  8. Laki-laki mentato tangan dan kaki untuk menghindari Roh-roh jahat
  9. Pada beberapa sub suku dayak, wanita dengan tato lebih sedikit memiliki tingkat yang lebih rendah daripada wanita dengan tato lebih banyak
  10. Perempuan Dayak baru diperbolehkan untuk ditato setelah mengalami menstruasi pertama
  11. Selama proses pembuatan tato suku dayak perempuan, semua laki-laki anggota keluarga tidak diperkenankan keluar rumah samasekali agar terhindar dari bencana.
  12. Perempuan Dayak bertato di bagian paha menunjukkan bahwa ia memiliki status sosial yangsangat tinggi.
  13. Tato suku Dayak pembuatannya menggunakan duri pohon jeruk, sementara warna hitamnya berasal dari jelaga periuk
  14. Jika menemukan tato berwarna-warni di Kalimantan bisa saja itu bukan tato milik suku dayak
  15. Anthony Kiedis, penyanyi dari band American Red Hot Chilli Peppers rela masuk ke dalam lebatnya hutan Borneo hanya untuk mendapatkan tato asli suku dayak.
  16. Tato tradisional suku dayak bersama dengan tato mentawai diyakini sebagai tato tertua di dunia dan diakui sebagai salah satu kiblat di dunia profesional tato

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