Sumber Sejarah: Bukti dan Fakta dalam Sejarah

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Are you wondering about the fastest way to get a degree online? Fast online degrees can offer considerable value to today’s student. Not everyone has the luxury of attending school for four years in one stretch – much less to immediately jump into a graduate program for an additional multi-year commitment! From working professionals to busy parents to older adults finally fulfilling their academic goals, there are plenty of nontraditional students out there who have limits on their study time. Thankfully, online colleges cater to this restriction by helping their students learn efficiently, quickly, and conveniently. We’ve listed some of the very best (and most affordable) below. In this ranking, we examine the best value colleges for fast online degrees. Allied American University Fast Online Degrees The fast online degree programs at AAU include numerous certificate options with a quick turnaround. 10. ALLIED AMERICAN UNIVERSITY Website At AAU you can earn an associate’s or bachelor’s degree in business administration, criminal justice, general studies, or medical office management. There are additional certificate options for students seeking jobs in the rapidly growing healthcare field: medical administrative assisting, medical billing, medical coding, and pharmacy technician among them. AAU has a special commitment to serving the military, including benefits such as a no-fee transcript evaluation to see how many of your credits will transfer; military members may also be eligible for textbook grants! AAU sometimes accepts transfer credits from advanced high school programs (AP and CLEP) and other industry and military certifications. Between this and the optional 8-week class schedule (with multiple start dates) AAU is one of the best fast online degrees for motivated students. Net Price: $14,898/yr Score: 58.75 Trident University International Fast Online Degrees With a “Fastrac” program and transfer credit options, TUI has some of the best fast online degree options in the country. 9. TRIDENT UNIVERSITY INTERNATIONAL Website Trident was the first fully online university to be accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges. Catering to military veterans and adult learners, its accelerated “Fastrac” program lets you complete courses in just eight weeks, with new sessions starting every month. The Trident Learning Model uses case-based learning instead of traditional tests, with the goal of developing critical thinking and problem-solving skills. You can get a bachelor’s, master’s, or even doctoral degree online in a career-focused field like business, technology, or health sciences. Already have your associate’s degree from a community college? Trident will evaluate your credits and apply them toward your bachelor’s. With tuition breaks for military spouses and dependents, Trident offers affordable fast online degrees to a range of students. Net Price: $11,572/yr Score: 58.85 New England College of Business and Finance Fast Online Degrees Previous jobs, military experience, and past academic coursework will all earn students credit toward the affordable, fast online degree programs at NECB. 8. NEW ENGLAND COLLEGE OF BUSINESS AND FINANCE Website Offering accredited fast online degrees for working professionals, this Boston-based school incorporates group projects into its industry-relevant curriculum. This helps students network with potential colleagues and develop the technology-enabled collaboration skills they’ll need in today’s increasingly distributed workplaces. NECB’s Prior Learning Assessment program considers your work experience and job skills, open source courseware study, volunteer work, job skills and other background (including military experience) in granting you academic credit toward your degree. Looking for professional development or a new skill set in business or finance? You can easily enroll in a course or two without pursuing a degree. Net Price: $9,563/yr Score: 60.13 Grantham University Online Fast Degrees Grantham’s cheap, fast online degrees allow students to earn an associate’s or bachelor’s degree in a fraction of the time. 7. GRANTHAM UNIVERSITY Website Grantham’s accelerated online degree programs allow you to complete your associate’s degree in under two years or your bachelor’s degree in under four years. Bachelor’s degrees focus on in-demand fields like accounting, financial planning, and computer science. For nurses there’s even a RN-to-BSN completion program, making this one of the best fast online degree options in nursing. Grantham recognizes that flexibility is particularly important to first responders – established firefighters, police officers, and EMS professionals – and offers degrees and some scholarship assistance tailored to these groups. There are also scholarships and textbook/software grants for military members and a special partnership with the Community College of the Air Force to help Air Force members complete their bachelor’s degrees through an accelerated program. Net Price: $12,808/yr Score: 62.50 Western Governors University Fast Online Degrees WGU’s customized academic planning make it a source for some of the best fast online degrees. 6. WESTERN GOVERNORS UNIVERSITY Website This nonprofit university grants bachelor’s and master’s degrees in teaching, IT, business, and nursing. The Teacher’s College in particular has many subject–specific licensure programs, helping students prepare efficiently for their careers. Because tuition is charged according to the length of time you are enrolled, not the number of courses you take, you are rewarded financially for progressing quickly – a dream scenario for fast-paced students! You can also get personalized Degree Plans that take into account your prior skills and knowledge, performance on pre-enrollment assessments, and remaining requirements, so you only take exactly the courses you need. And because WGU requires “On Time Progress,” you’ll have plenty of support to make sure you don’t languish in your academic efforts. Plus, students who have completed either an associate’s degree or coursework at a community college can transfer credits, expediting their progress and making WGU a standout in this ranking of fast online degrees. Net Price: $8,624/yr Score: 62.82 National Paralegal College Fast Online Degree NPC’s legal studies program is a no brainer for students who want a fast online degree studying law and government. 5. NATIONAL PARALEGAL COLLEGE Website Through this school’s accelerated online degree programs, you can earn your bachelor’s in legal studies in under 3 years or an associate’s degree in just 15 months. Lots of interesting classes run simultaneously, some of which you’d expect in a legal curriculum (American Government; Torts and Personal Injury; Constitutional Law and Criminal Procedure) but others will broaden your education, including The Science of Nutrition, Environmental Science, and Laws of Cyberspace. Depending on your schedule, you can join live online lectures or watch recordings whenever you have time. Unsure if this school is right for you? Simply by filling out an application, you’ll get two free weeks of enrollment, including lectures and discussions with your potential instructors and classmates. This free trial period could be just what you need to decide to complete an affordable, fast online degree at NPC. Net Price: $13,709/yr Score: 69.33 American Public University System Online Fast Degrees Students who are eager to earn an affordable fast online degree can enroll at APU as early as next month. 4. AMERICAN PUBLIC UNIVERSITY SYSTEM Website APUS has been serving non-traditional students since 1991, well before online education became mainstream. Originally founded as American Military University to cater to mobile military learners, it reorganized into APUS in 2002 in order to serve a wider range of learners – and today 42% of its students are civilians. Even so, American Public University continues to enroll more members of the armed forces than any other school. Although it offers nearly 200 degrees and certificates, the school’s most popular programs include business administration, criminal justice, general studies, sports and health sciences, psychology, and homeland security. With courses starting on the first Monday of every month and lasting either 8 or 16 weeks, there’s no need to wait for a new semester to begin, earning APUS a top spot in our fast online degree rankings. Net Price: $9,572/yr Score: 70.60 American InterContinental University Fast Online Degrees Accredited, fast online degrees are in abundance at AIU, which offers programs in everything from business to web design. 3. AMERICAN INTERCONTINENTAL UNIVERSITY-ONLINE Website In addition to the career-focused fields found at other online schools – business, criminal justice, IT, education, and healthcare – AIU also has several degrees in design fields, making it a great choice for students who want to blend vocational skills and artistic vision. You can earn a Bachelor of Fine Arts in graphic design, web design, illustration, or even fashion. For students who live in the greater Atlanta or Houston areas and want face-to-face learning and physical classrooms, there are campuses waiting to welcome you. A generous credit-transfer program allows you to save time and money, making this a truly affordable fast online degree. AIU also has a special admissions department just for the military and offers a 45% tuition discount to active service members, as well as a 10% discount for Reserves, National Guard, and their spouses. Net Price: $15,495/yr Score: 71.82 Sessions-College-for-Professional-Design(1) 2. SESSIONS COLLEGE FOR PROFESSIONAL DESIGN Website Speaking of artistic degrees for vocational trades, Sessions is a great choice for students who want an accredited fast online degree in the arts, such as graphic design, web design, digital photography, and much more. Experienced designers can also take quick professional development courses in Photoshop and other specific skills without pursuing an entire degree. This makes Sessions a standout among the many online colleges that offer more traditional programs in professional fields like business, teaching, or information technology. While Sessions offers numerous certificates and associates degrees, students can also earn credits that transfer to bachelor’s degrees at Excelsior College. All courses have three different start dates a year – January, May and September – giving you plenty of flexibility when planning your schedule. Net Price: $12,352/yr Score: 74.74 American Broadcasting School Fast Online Degrees The American Broadcasting School is #1 on this fast online degree ranking and undoubtedly the best option for aspiring journalists. 1. AMERICAN BROADCASTING SCHOOL Website Granting an inexpensive, fast online degree in radio broadcasting, this school offers a fast track to careers in news, sports, talk, or music radio, as well as other creative voice opportunities. The entire program takes just over eight months to complete (71% of students graduate), uses exclusively one-on-one instruction, and allows you to work at your own pace. You’ll get all the software and equipment you need (as long as you provide your own computer) and personalized vocal coaching. Starting in your very first week, you’ll have the opportunity to record your own radio shows and receive live critiques from professional instructors. Because success in broadcasting requires more than just talent, you’ll also learn digital production, marketing, and other tools of the broadcasting trade. Looking to enroll quickly? You can begin on any Monday of the year! Net Price: $9,459/yr Score: 82.13 See our methodology page for more information about how we calculated this ranking.* *For this ranking, we added an extra feature to the standard methodology. Because we wanted to focus specifically on “speed” rather than general measures of quality, we custom-designed a scale to rank schools based on this highly desirable “fast factor.” Specifically, we researched each online college and asked ourselves the following questions: Does the school offer bachelor’s degrees that one could complete in less than four years? What about associate’s degrees in less than two years? Are there many short certificate options for students who want to quickly augment their skills in an established field? Are there “accelerated” degree paths and options for students who want to earn a combined bachelor’s/master’s degree? Does the school offer credit for life/work experience and past academic coursework in order to help students move ahead on their degree path? Does the school offer multiple course formats so that students have the option to start several times a year and/or to choose between classes of varying lengths? But don’t worry – we still considered graduation rate and tuition costs as well! We hope this has been helpful in providing information about fast online degrees from accredited colleges. There are many fast online degree programs available, and we encourage you to do a broad search to find the program that’s best for you. THIS CONCLUDES OUR RANKING OF THE BEST VALUES IN FAST ONLINE DEGREES. Sources: College Navigator By CVO Staff Published March 2016 https://www.collegevaluesonline.com/rankings/fast-online-degrees-best-values/

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Sumber Sejarah

Sumber sejarah adalah semua yang menjadi pokok sejarah. Menurut Moh. Ali, yang dimaksud sumber sejarah adalah segala sesuatu yang berwujud dan tidak berwujud serta berguna bagi penelitian sejarah sejak zaman purba sampai sekarang. Sementara Muh. Yamin mengatakan bahwa sumber sejarah adalah kumpulan benda kebudayaan untuk membuktikan sejarah.

Ada tiga macam sumber sejarah.

Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma is a rare type of mesothelioma which attacks the lining of abdomen also known as peritoneum. Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (MPM) is a universally fatal disease affecting 20% to 30% of the mesothelioma cases. It's was first described by Miller and Wynn in the year 1908. According to the statistics, in the past two decades, the incidence of malignant peritoneal mesothelioma cancer has increased. Peritoneal mesothelioma affects the lining of the abdomen also known as peritoneum. The location of malignant cell is human's abdominal lining and because of that, MPM can sometimes known as abdominal mesothelioma. However, most common term used to describe this type of cancer is peritoneal mesothelioma. The main cause of MPM in humans is asbestos. Asbestos typically is the one of most commonly roofing materials since it is not only cheaper but is easy to fix on a roof. Asbestos exposure contributed to almost 70 to 80 percent of mesothelioma lung cancer. Humans come into contact with asbestos when they swallow or inhale the fibers. Asbestos inhalation may increase risk to develop asbestos related diseases, most importantly mesothelioma. Asbestos was completely banned in UK since it was recognized to be a serious health hazard, and it is now responsible for about 4000 deaths each year and many cases of serious disease. The people at increase risk of developing health asbestos related disease are those whose work brings them into direct contact with asbestos such as builders, heating engineers, roofers and demolition workers. In addition to mesothelioma, asbestos exposure will increase the risk of other health problems such as lung cancer, asbestosis (chronic lung ailment) and other type of cancer such as larynx and kidney cancer. Symptoms of Malignant Peritoneal Mesothelioma It can takes such a long time for cancer to develop the symptoms and sometimes may take up to 30 years, between exposure to asbestos and the start of the disease. Most common symptoms of the disease are abdominal pain, abdominal swelling, abnormal weight loss, anemia, easy fatigue, nausea and vomiting. Abdominal pain and swelling result from fluid accumulation in the abdominal cavity. Other than that, people can easily get fever when the disease starts to shows its symptoms. Among the symptoms stated above, abdominal pain is the most common reported initial symptoms of MPM. Unexplained night sweats and blood coagulation problems are less frequent symptoms occurring when the cancer develops. If the cancer cells spread to the other part of the body, the symptoms may lead to trouble swallowing or swelling of the neck and face. Diagnosis of Abdominal Mesothelioma It is very difficult to diagnose peritoneal mesothelioma since there is no defined system so far that can differentiate the stages of the development of cancerous tumor cells. If required, TNM staging system normally used to detect the cancer in stages. Other than that, Serum mesothelin-related protein (SMRP) may be a potentially useful serum marker used to diagnose and to follow-up the cancer progression. Computer tomography (CT) findings may be a useful tool in detection and characterization of peritoneal mass. Malignant Peritoneal Mesothelioma is a deadly neoplasm. MPM's diagnosis is difficult to perform since the symptoms will take a long time to show up. Early detection is the key in peritoneal mesothelioma treatment since the cancer cell normally spread very fast. Peritoneal Mesothelioma can be regarded as a very dangerous cancer among other cancer.However we can prevent this problems from occur to you and your family. As i said before, early detection is the key of peritoneal mesothelioma treatment [http://peritonealmesotheliomatreatment.com/] success since the cancer cell spread very fast. Get your free update's information about mesothelioma especially mesothelioma treatment by click > mesothelioma [http://mesotheliomatreatmentnews.com/] Article Source: https://EzineArticles.com/expert/Lan_Sipenyair/912820 Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/6234654

a. Sumber tertulis

Sumber tertulis adalah sumber sejarah yang diperoleh melalui peninggalan-peninggalan tertulis, catatan peristiwa yang terjadi di masa lampau, misalnya prasasti, dokumen, naskah, piagam, babad,surat kabar, tambo (catatan tahunan dari Cina), dan rekaman.

Sumber tertulis dibedakan menjadi dua, yaitu sumber primer (dokumen) dan sumber sekunder (buku perpustakaan).

b. Sumber lisan

Sumber lisan adalah keterangan langsung dari para pelaku atau saksi mata dari peristiwa yang terjadi di masa lampau. Misalnya, seorang anggota Legiun Veteran Republik Indonesia (LVRI) yang pernah ikut Serangan Umum menceritakan peristiwa yang dialami kepada orang lain, apa yang dialami dan dilihat serta yang dilakukannya merupakan penuturan lisan (sumber lisan) yang dapat dipakai untuk bahan penelitian sejarah.

Dapat juga berupa penuturan masyarakat di sekitar kota Yogyakarta saat 1 Maret 1949 yang ikut menyaksikan Serangan Umum tersebut, penuturannya juga dapat dikategorikan sebagai sumber lisan. Jika sumber lisan berupa cerita rakyat (folklore), maka perlu dicermati kebenarannya sebab penuh dengan berbagai mitos.

c. Sumber benda

Sumber benda adalah sumber sejarah yang diperoleh dari peninggalan benda-benda kebudayaan, misalnya, alat-alat atau benda budaya, seperti kapak, gerabah,perhiasan, manik-manik, candi, dan patung. Sumber-sumber sejarah tersebut belum tentu seluruhnya dapat menginformasikan kebenaran secara pasti. Oleh karena itu, sumber sejarah tersebut perlu diteliti, dikaji, dianalisis, dan ditafsirkan dengan cermat oleh para ahli.

d. Sumber rekaman

Merupakan sumber sejarah dalam bentuk rekaman suara atau gambar. Misalnya rekaman video tentang tuntutan mahasiswa saat reformasi berlangsung.

Dalam penggunannya, sumber sejarah memiliki tingkat keaslian yang berbeda-beda. Dalam hal ini, sumber sejarah dibedakan menjadi 3, yaitu sumber primer dan sumber sekunder, serta sumber Tersier.

Sumber sejarah juga memerlukan ketepatan usia untuk dapat membuktikan dan menselaraskan antara penemuan-penemuan dengan teori yang berkembang. Dalam menentukan usia suatu sumber sejarah, maka dibedakan menjadi 3 cara, yaitu :

1. Kimiawi

Yaitu penentuan usia sumber sejarah berdasarkan unsur-unsur kimia yang terkandung di dalam penemuan sumber sejarah tersebut.

2. Tipologi

Yaitu usia suatu sumber sejarah ditentukan dengan bentuk atau tipe yang ditemukan dari peninggalan sejarah tersebut.

3. Stratifigrafi

Yaitu penentuan usia sumber sejarah berdasarkan lapisan tanah yang terkandung pada sumber-sumber sejarah tersebut.

Untuk mengungkap sumber-sumber sejarah di atas diperlukan berbaga ilmu bantu, seperti:

  • epigrafi : yaitu ilmu yang mempelajari tulisan kuno atau prasasti.
  • arkeologi : yaitu ilmu yang mempelajari benda/peninggalan kuno.
  • ikonografi : yaitu ilmu yang mempelajari tentang patung.
  • nomismatik : yaitu ilmu yang mempelajari tentang mata uan
  • ceramologi : yaitu ilmu yang mempelajari tentang keramik.
  • geologi : yaitu ilmu yang mempelajari lapisan bumi.
  • antropologi : yaitu ilmu yang mempelajari asal-usul kejadian serta perkembangan makhluk manusia dan kebudayaannya.
  • paleontologi : yaitu ilmu yang mempelajari sisa makhluk hidup yang sudah membatu.
  • paleoantropologi : yaitu ilmu yang mempelajari bentuk manusia yang paling sederhana hingga sekarang.
  • sosiologi : yaitu ilmu yang mempelajari sifat keadaan dan pertumbuhan masyarakat.
  • filologi : yaitu ilmu yang mempelajari tentang bahasa, kebudayaan, pranata dan sejarah suatu bangsa sebagaimana terdapat di bahan-bahan tertulis.

Bukti Dan Fakta Sejarah

Bukti peninggalan sejarah merupakan sumber penulisan sejarah. Fakta adalah hasil dari seleksi data yang terpilih. Fakta sejarah ada yang berbentuk benda konkret, misalnya, candi, patung, perkakas yang sering disebut artefak.

Fakta yang berdimensi sosial disebut sociofact,yaitu berupa jaringan interaksi antarmanusia, sedangkan fakta yang bersifat abstrak berupa keyakinan dan kepercayaan disebut mentifact.

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